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Sexual Exploitation in Schools
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Sexual Exploitation in Schools
How to Spot It and Stop It



November 2003 | 160 pages | Corwin

Learn how to identify and prevent sexual exploitation of students in your school!

Though most schools are safe environments for students, research shows that sexual abuse of children at all levels is on the rise. Recent media attention has captured the public's growing concern about the number of cases involving boys molested by adult females. Nationally recognized risk management expert and author Robert J. Shoop has been quoted in USA Today (November 30, 2005), noting that "In the past 18 months, at least 25 cases nationwide involved female teachers molesting students." He has also addressed the topic of sexual exploitation as a guest on CNN, The Today Show, ABC's 20/20, ESPN's Outside the Lines, and other independent television talk shows.

In this book, Shoop identifies the early warning signs of sexual abuse in schools. Based on interviews, newspaper reports, journal articles, court records, and personal experiences gained from 25 years of consulting with school districts in the areas of harassment, abuse, risk management and negligence, this book demonstrates the critical need to implement strategies so students are protected while also learning how to protect themselves.

Shoop's two-fold objectives are:

  • How to spot sexual exploitation and what early warning signs to look for
  • How to stop sexual exploitation—actions that schools and parents can take to prevent sexual abuse, and how to respond promptly and appropriately if it occurs

Sexual Exploitation in Schools prepares educators to manage one of the most difficult and troubling issues in our public and private schools. Explanations are provided concerning the legal context, consequences and pathology of sexual exploitation, district and employee rights, conducting an investigation, and steps educators and parents can take so that students will be safe in their learning environment, leading to a successful and healthy future.

prepares educators to manage one of the most difficult and troubling issues in our public and private schools. Explanations are provided concerning the legal context, consequences and pathology of sexual exploitation, district and employee rights, conducting an investigation, and steps educators and parents can take so that students will be safe in their learning environment, leading to a successful and healthy future.
 
Preface
Purpose of This Book  
 
Acknowledgements
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
Position of Trust  
Definition of Terms  
Modalities of Exploitation  
 
1. Sexual Exploitation
Forms of Sexual Exploitation  
Sexual Harassment  
Exploitation of Former Students and Nonstudents  
Sexual Assault  
Pedophilia  
Child Molestation  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 1 Scenario  
 
2. Environmental Context of Sexual Exploitation
Trust and Vulnerability  
Sexual Exploitation of Persons With Disabilities  
Predictable Pattern of Abuse  
Continuum of Exploitation  
Appropriate Boundaries  
Consent  
Sexual Exploitation in Sports  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 2 Scenario  
 
3. Consequences of Sexual Exploitation
Consequences for the Child  
Consequences for Families  
Evidence of Abuse  
Consequences for the Accused  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 3 Scenario  
 
4. Legal Context of Sexual Exploitation
Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention and Treatment Act  
Public Notification  
Reporting to a Child Protection Agency  
Investigation by the Child Protection Agency  
Title IX Liability  
Negligent Referral  
Statutes of Limitation  
Recidivism  
Recovered Memories  
The Delayed Discovery Doctrine  
Discriminatory Enforcement  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 4 Scenario  
 
5. Standard of Care for a Safe School
Duty To Protect  
Standard of Care for Principals  
Standard of Care for School Employees  
Risk Management  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 5 Scenario  
 
6. Pathology of a Sexual Exploiter
Why Would an Adult Exploit a Child?  
Misconceptions About Child Abusers  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 6 Scenario  
 
7. District and Employee Rights and Responsibilities
District Rights and Responsibilities  
Educator Rights and Responsibilities  
Defenses That Have Been Successful  
Defenses That Have Not Been Successful  
The Aftermath of a Proven Allegation  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 7 Scenario  
 
8. Conducting an Investigation
When Should an Investigation Be Initiated?  
Conducting the Investigation  
Actions to Protect Educators  
You Be the Judge: Chapter 8 Scenario  
 
9. Action Steps
Action Steps for School Districts  
Action Steps for Principals  
Action Steps for Educators  
Postscript  
 
Appendix A. Steps to Follow in Developing a Sexual Exploitation Prevention Program
 
Appendix B. Model Sexual Exploitation Prevention Policy
 
Appendix C. Resources for Educators and Parents
 
Appendix D. Sexual Harassment and Exploitation Prevention Assessment
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"Wonderfully written, comprehensive, and helpful to parents, educators, and students. This book will make a great contribution to educational practice."

Charol Shakeshaft, Professor, Foundations, Leadership and Policy Studies
Hofstra University

"Dr. Shoop has meticulously examined every facet of sexual exploitation in schools. His recommendations on how to spot it and stop it are vital to protecting students and the dignity of the profession."

Terri Miller, President
Stop Educator Sexual Abuse, Misconduct and Exploitation, Inc.

"The value of Shoop’s guide lies in its analysis of the consequences of sexual exploitation and the legal context of exploitation."

Publishers Weekly, December 2003

"Although this book should not be misconstrued as the equivalent of a licensed attorney, it is an excellent resource that school administrators and teachers can use to address sexual exploitation in schools as they navigate their way through the current educational milieu."

NASSP Bulletin, December 2006
Key features

Pedagogy includes:

  • Assortment of lists and inventories, procedures, protocols
  • Bibliography
  • Several resources including "Sexual Harassment/Sexual Abuse Prevention Checklist" with scoring guides

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