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Collective Efficacy

Collective Efficacy
How Educators' Beliefs Impact Student Learning

A Joint Publication with Learning Forward and Ontario Principals’ Council

© 2017 | 152 pages | Corwin

Improve student outcomes  with collective teacher efficacy.

Is your school climate promoting meaningful change? Recent research suggests that Collective Efficacy (CE) is the number one factor influencing student achievement.

CE—the belief that, through collective actions, educators can influence student outcomes and improve student learning—is changing the educational ecosystem. A faculty  with high Collective Efficacy show greater effort and persistence, willingness to try new teaching approaches, and attend  more closely to struggling students’ needs. This book presents practical strategies and tools for increasing student achievement by sharing:

  • Rationale and sources for establishing CE
  • Conditions and leadership practices for CE to flourish
  • Professional learning structures/protocols that promote CE

If educators’ realities are filtered through the belief that they can do very little to influence student achievement, then it is likely these beliefs will manifest in their practice. Help teachers develop mastery and CE by employing these key strategies.

“Acclaimed staff developer and experienced educational consultant Jennifer Donohoo puts the sword to the mistaken idea that the best way to improve teaching is by evaluating individuals. Donohoo takes an old idea—collective efficacy—strengthens it with a rigorous research base, and brings it alive through her countless observations of teachers' practice. 

Collective Efficacy is about the overwhelming power that teachers have to improve student learning and achievement when they work together, explore every avenue open to them, and persist relentlessly once they have found the best ways forward. This book will turn many people's assumptions about how best to improve student achievement on their head. Probably one of the very best education books of the year.”
Andy Hargreaves, Brennan Chair in Education
Boston College  

List of Figures and Tables
About the Author
Chapter 1. Collective Teacher Efficacy
What Is Collective Teacher Efficacy?  
Why Is Collective Teacher Efficacy Important?  
Efficacy Shaping Information  
In Conclusion  
Chapter 2. Consequences of Collective Teacher Efficacy
Greater Effort and Persistence  
Willingness to Try New Approaches  
Conveying High Expectations  
Fostering Learner Autonomy  
Decreasing Disruptive Behavior  
Increased Commitment  
Enhanced Parental Involvement  
In Conclusion  
Chapter 3. Fostering Collective Teacher Efficacy
Six Enabling Conditions for Collective Teacher Efficacy  
Fostering Collective Efficacy: A Theory of Action  
In Conclusion  
Chapter 4. Enhancing Collective Efficacy Through Professional Learning
Seven Characteristics of Effective Professional Learning  
Efficacy Enhancing Collaborative Learning Structures  
Efficacy Enhancing Protocols  
In Conclusion  
Chapter 5. Leaders Utilize a Collaborative Inquiry Framework to Organize Actions
Getting Started  
Stage 1: Plan  
Stage 2: Act  
Stage 3: Observe  
Stage 4: Assess  
In Conclusion  
A. Template for Documenting Student Learning  
B. Team Success Analysis Protocol  
C. Observer as Learner Protocol  
D. Evidence Analysis Protocol  
E. Diversity Rounds Protocol  
F. Developing a Shared Vision Protocol  
G. School Visits Protocol  
H. World Café Protocol  
I. Assignment Analysis Protocol  
J. The Enabling Conditions for Collective Teacher Efficacy Questionnaire  
K. Leadership Theory of Action  
L. Characteristics of Collaborative Leadership Inquiry Continuum  

"A powerful guide for leaders wanting to unleash the impact of teachers! Donohoo masterfully bridges the theory- practice divide providing compelling evidence of why and how educators’ beliefs impact student learning and the results when teachers build their collective efficacy. The blend of practical strategies and a compelling 4 stage collaborative leadership inquiry model make this a must read for every education leader."

Joanne Quinn, Consultant and Co-Author of Coherence: The Right Drivers in Action for Schools, Districts and Systems
Michael Fullan Enterprises & New Pedagogies for Deep Learning

"Collective Efficacy has been a rather elusive topic ever since Professor John Hattie indicated that this subject would top his list of 150 influences in his Visible Learning research. Dr. Jenni Donohoo has seized the opportunity to take this work deeper and has, for me at least, provided the first really clear and comprehensive analysis of what efficacy is all about.

This book is a thorough examination of the subject of efficacy in all its forms dating back to the work of Albert Bandura who really first made mention of this notion. Jenni has worked hard to uncover the extensive research base for the subject of efficacy and makes a sound case for the impact of collective efficacy in schools and organizations.

Dr. Donohoo’s previous work on Collaborative Inquiry is enhanced by this her most recent examination of the collaborative process which is her current passion and the focus of much of her writing and presenting.

What adds great value apart from the extensive research base to support this notion of efficacy is the manner in which she makes this work come alive with suggestions for practical application. While there is lots of theoretical background Dr. Donohoo has taken time to make it applicable and practical for collaborative teams with robust appendices filled with useful protocols teams can apply immediately.

This is a very helpful and valuable resource for any school leader and any group who see themselves working in a collaborative, team environment."

Ainsley B. Rose, President
Thistle Educational Development Inc. & Corwin Author Consultant
Key features
(1) A research-based, albeit practical guide to promoting Collective Efficacy in schools -- the single most influential driver of student achievement.
(2) Contains practical strategies for strengthening, sustaining, and measuring Collective Teacher Efficacy
(3) Also includes ideas for strengthening students' individual and collective efficacy.
(4) Each chapter includes case-like vignettes of what CE "looks like" when enacted across a school.
(5) Contains powerful designs for professional learning that foster CE in schools.

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1 - Collective Teacher Efficacy

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ISBN: 9781506356495

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