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Mindsets and Moves

Strategies That Help Readers Take Charge [Grades K-8]

By: Gravity Goldberg

Let go of the default roles of assigner, monitor, and manager and shift to a growth mindset. The 4 Ms framework lightens your load by allowing students to monitor and direct their own reading lives.
Product Details
  • Grade Level: PreK-12
  • ISBN: 9781506314938
  • Published By: Corwin
  • Series: Corwin Literacy
  • Year: 2015
  • Page Count: 240
  • Publication date: September 18, 2015

Price: $39.95

Price: $39.95
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What if you could have an owner’s manual on reading ownership? What if there really were a framework for building students’ agency and independence? 

There’s no “what if?” about it. When it comes to teaching reading, Gravity Goldberg declares there is a structure, one that works with your current curriculum, to help readers take charge. The way forward Gravity says lies in admiring, studying, and really getting to know your students.

Consider Mindsets & Moves your guide. Here, Gravity describes how to let go of our default roles of assigner, monitor, and manager and instead shift to a growth mindset. Easily replicable in any setting, any time, her 4 Ms framework ultimately lightens your load because they allow students to monitor and direct their reading lives. 

  1. Miner: Uncovering Students’ Reading Processes (Focus: Assessment)
  2. Mirror: Giving Feedback That Reinforces a Growth Mindset (Focus: Feedback)
  3. Model: Showing Readers What We Do (Focus: Demonstration]
  4. Mentor: Guiding Students to Try New Ways of Reading (Focus: Guided Practice and Coaching)

Get started on the 4Ms tomorrow! Gravity has loaded the book with practical examples, lessons, reading process and strategy lists, and a 35-page photo tour of exemplary reading classrooms with captions that distill best practices. All figures, student work and photographs are provided in vibrant, full color. 

We are in the midst of an ownership crisis, and readers of every ability and in every grade are more often compliant than fully engaged. Use Mindsets & Moves as that rare resource that 
makes something highly complex suddenly clear and inspiring for you. 

GRAVITY GOLDBERG is coauthor of Conferring with Readers: Supporting Each Students’ Growth and Independence (Heinemann, 2007) and author of many articles about reading, writing, and professional development. She holds a doctorate in education from Teachers College, Columbia University. She is a former staff developer at Teachers College Reading and Writing Project and an assistant professor at Iona College’s graduate education program. She leads a team of literacy consultants in the New York/New Jersey region. 

Mindsets and Moves addresses, in a very engaging way, the most important aspects of classroom literacy instruction. It shows how to think about and interact with children around literacy. Thoroughly grounded in current theories, which are clearly explained and illustrated with stories and examples, the book is absolutely practical with excellent examples of lessons, anchor charts and all of the necessary details.” — Peter Johnston, Author of Choice Words and Opening Minds 

Key features

Mindsets and Moves applies important research on effective instruction and motivation from Hattie, Dweck, Ducksworth, and others to infuse today’s reading classrooms with a fresh breath of student independence. With Clarity and Insight, Gravity Goldberg helps educators see how even the best intentioned reading workshop practices can go awry, and keep students from ever truly owning the work of reading on their own. She then delivers a process for teachers and students that helps them shift their roles, defining it as the 4 Ms:

Be a Miner: Uncovering Students’ Reading Processes

Be a  Mirror: Giving Feedback That Reinforces a Growth Mindset

Be a Model: Showing Readers What We Do

Be a Mentor: Guiding Students to Try New Ways of Reading

Other Practical Features Include:

A Photo Tour of a Reading Classroom, including 40+ images and captions that show teachers can-do detail of routines and classroom space

Lessons and Actions That Bring About Agency

Key Aspects of the Reading Process to Model and Monitor

Classroom Examples of Independent-Minded Whole Class, Small Group, and One-on-One Instruction

Lists of Teacher Language that Promotes Learning



Gravity Goldberg photo

Gravity Goldberg

Gravity Goldberg is an international educational consultant and author of five other books on teaching. Mindsets & Moves (Corwin Literacy, 2015) put her on the world stage with its practical ways to cultivate student agency, leading to speaking engagements and foreign translations of her work. She has almost 20 years of teaching experience, including positions as a science teacher, reading specialist, third grade teacher, special educator, literacy coach, staff developer, assistant professor, educational consultant, and yoga teacher. Gravity holds a B.A. and M.Ed. from Boston College and a doctorate in education from Teachers College, Columbia University. She currently serves as a coach for Seth Godin's altMBA and is the founding director of Gravity Goldberg, LLC, a team that provides side-by-side coaching for teachers.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter One. Reading on One’s Own: What We Really Mean by Take-Charge Independence

     What Does It Really Mean to Read on One’s Own?

     Examining Teacher Roles

     Taking the Spotlight Off the Teacher

     The Facets of Ownership

     How Rigor Fits In

     The Pitfalls of Turning Play Into Work: Motivation Challenges

Chapter Two. Shifting Roles: Be a Miner, a Mirror, a Model, a Mentor

     The Gift of Problems: Creating a Willingness to Struggle

     Shifting Roles Toward Reader Ownership

     What Shifted?

     Taking on New Teacher Roles: The 4 Ms

     How Ownership Sits Within the Gradual Release Model

Chapter Three. Being an Admirer: Looking at Readers With Curiosity

     Admiring Allows Us to See What Is There

     Admiring Gives Us Glimpses Into Our Students’ Minds

     Admiring Lets Us See Potential

     Admiring Helps Us Recognize Individuality

     Admiring Pushes Us to Be Precise

     Admiring Gives Us the Small and Big Picture

     Admiring Supports a Growth Mindset

     Admiring Creates Growth Mindset Expectations

     Language Impacts Mindset

     Admiring Impacts Our Guiding Questions

     Start Admiring!

Chapter Four. Creating Space for Ownership: A Photo Tour of Reading Classrooms

     Reading Process Spiral

     Reading Workshop Space

     Class Meeting Area

     Reading Notebooks

     Tracking Reading Volume

     Class Goals Chart

     Book Club Tools and Spaces

     Student Intentions

     Small Group Instruction

     Reading Nooks

     Student Reflections

Chapter Five. Be a Miner: Uncovering Students’ Reading Processes

     Using a Five-Step Process

     Uncovering One Student’s Reading Process

     Uncovering a Class’s Reading Processes

     Choosing When to Be a Miner

     Admiring Trouble

Chapter Six. Be a Mirror: Giving Feedback That Reinforces a Growth Mindset

     Feedback Teaches

     Preparing to Give Feedback

     Being a Mirror to a Small Group

     Being a Mirror to the Whole Class

     Admiring Trouble

Chapter Seven. Be a Model: Showing Readers What We Do

     Being a Model

     Being a Model to One Student

     Are We Really Modeling?

     Planning to Model for the Whole Class

     Preparing to Be a Model

     Modeling, Not Assigning

     Admiring Trouble

Chapter Eight. Be a Mentor: Guiding Students to Try New Ways of Reading

     Being a Mentor

     Break Down Strategies Into Steps

     Mentoring a Small Group of Readers

     Mentoring the Whole Class During a Read Aloud

     Admiring Trouble

Chapter Nine. Teaching Students Strategies for How to Be Admirers

     How to Talk About Your Reading Process

     How to Set Goals for Yourself as a Reader

     How to Reflect on Your Mindset

     How to Give Each Other Feedback

     How to Ask for Support

Chapter Ten. Embracing Curiosity: Entry Points for Getting Started

     Entry Point 1: Shift Roles

     Entry Point 2: Shift Lenses From Deficit to Admiring

     Entry Point 3: Shift Your Focus From the Teacher to Students

     Entry Point 4: Shift Classroom Spaces

     Entry Point 5: Shift Toward Feedback From Students

     Entry Point 6: Shift Toward Feedback From Trusted Colleagues

     Entry Point 7: Admire Yourself


Appendix A. Student-Focused Reading Checklist

Appendix B. Continuum: How We Might Shift Our Instruction Toward Ownership

Appendix C. Chart of Balanced Literacy Reading Components

Reproducible Classroom Charts

Be a Miner

Be a Mirror

Be a Model

Be a Mentor