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Teaching Literacy in the Visible Learning Classroom, Grades K-5

First Edition
By: Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey, John Allan Hattie

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High-impact strategies to use for all you teach—all in one place. Deliver sustained, comprehensive literacy experiences to K-5 learners each day.

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Product Details
  • Grade Level: PreK-12
  • ISBN: 9781506332369
  • Published By: Corwin
  • Series: Corwin Literacy
  • Year: 2017
  • Page Count: 272
  • Publication date: February 08, 2017

Price: $39.95

Price: $39.95
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It could happen at 10:10 a.m. in the midst of interactive writing, at 2:30, when listening to readers, or even after class, when planning a lesson. The question arises: How do I influence students’ learning–what’s going to generate that light bulb Aha-moment of understanding?

In this sequel to their megawatt best seller Visible Learning for Literacy, Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey, and John Hattie help you answer that question by sharing structures and tools for effective literacy instruction that have high-impact on learning—and insights on which stage of learning they have that high impact.

With their expert lessons, video clips, and online resources, you can deliver sustained, comprehensive experiences in phonics, guided reading, interactive writing, content-area discussions—in virtually all you teach:

  • Mobilizing Visible Learning: Use lesson design strategies based on research that included 500 million plus students to develop self-regulating learners able to “see” the purpose of what they are learning—and their own progress.
  • Teacher Clarity: Articulate daily learning intentions, success criteria, and other goals; understand what your learners understand, and design high-potency experiences for all students.
  • Direct Instruction: Embrace modeling and scaffolding as a critical pathway for students to learn new skills and concepts.
  • Teacher-Led Dialogic Instruction: Guide reading, writing, and thinking by using questioning and other teacher-led discussion techniques to help learners to clarify thinking, disagree respectfully, and reach consensus.
  • Student-Led Dialogic Learning: Foster cognitive growth with peer-mediated learning —reciprocal teaching, QAR, fish bowl, and more.
  • Independent Learning: Ensure that students deepen learning by designing relevant tasks that enable them to think metacognitively, set goals, and develop self-regulatory skills.
  • Tools to Use to Determine Literacy Impact: Know what your impact truly is with these research-based formative assessments for K-5 learners.

With Teaching Literacy in the Visible Learning Classroom, take your students from surface to deep to transfer learning. It’s all about using the most effective practices—and knowing WHEN those practices are best leveraged to maximize student learning.



Douglas Fisher photo

Douglas Fisher

Douglas Fisher is professor and chair of educational leadership at San Diego State University and a leader at Health Sciences High and Middle College. Previously, Doug was an early intervention teacher and elementary school educator. He is a credentialed teacher and leader in California. In 2022, he was inducted into the Reading Hall of Fame by the Literacy Research Association. He has published widely on literacy, quality instruction, and assessment, as well as books such as Welcome to Teaching, PLC+, Teaching Students to Drive their Learning, and Student Assessment: Better Evidence, Better Decisions, Better Learning.

Nancy Frey photo

Nancy Frey

Nancy Frey is professor of educational leadership at San Diego State University and a leader at Health Sciences High and Middle College. Previously, Nancy was a teacher, academic coach, and central office resource coordinator in Florida. She is a credentialed special educator, reading specialist, and administrator in California. She is a member of the International Literacy Association’s Literacy Research Panel. She has published widely on literacy, quality instruction, and assessment, as well as books such as The Artificial Intelligences Playbook, How Scaffolding Works, How Teams Work, and The Vocabulary Playbook.

John Allan Hattie photo

John Allan Hattie

John Hattie, PhD, is an award-winning education researcher and best-selling author with nearly thirty years of experience examining what works best in student learning and achievement. His research, better known as Visible Learning, is a culmination of nearly thirty years synthesizing more than 2,100 meta-analyses comprising more than one hundred thousand studies involving over 300 million students around the world. He has presented and keynoted in over three hundred international conferences and has received numerous recognitions for his contributions to education. His notable publications include Visible Learning, Visible Learning for Teachers, Visible Learning and the Science of How We Learn; Visible Learning for Mathematics, Grades K-12; and 10 Mindframes for Visible Learning.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Mobilizing Visible Learning for Literacy

Visible Learning for Literacy

Components of Effective Literacy Learning

Knowledge of How Children Learn

Developmental View of Learning

Meaningful Experiences and Social Interaction

Surface, Deep, and Transfer Learning

Phases of Reading Development

Phases of Writing Development

Formats and Scheduling

Time Organization

Across a Week

Across Content Areas

Spotlight on Three Teachers


Chapter 2. Teacher Clarity

Understanding Expectations in Standards

Learning Intentions in the Language Arts

Student Ownership of Learning Intentions

Connecting Learning Intentions to Prior Knowledge

Make Learning Intentions Inviting and Engaging

Social Learning Intentions

Success Criteria in Language Arts

Success Criteria Are Crucial for Motivation


Chapter 3. Direct Instruction


Teacher Modeling

Pair With Think-Alouds

The “I” and “Why” of Think-Alouds

Students Should Think Aloud, Too

Checking for Understanding

Use Questions to Probe Student Thinking

Guided Instruction

Formative Evaluation During Guided Instruction

Independent Learning

Fluency Building


Spiral Review




Chapter 4. Teacher-Led Dialogic Instruction

Effective Talk, Not Just Any Talk

Foster Deep Learning and Transfer

Listen Carefully

Facilitate and Guide Discussion

Teacher-Led Tools for Dialogic Instruction

Anticipation Guides

Guided Reading

Write Dialogically With Shared Writing

Language Experience Approach

Interactive Writing

Close and Critical Reading


Chapter 5. Student-Led Dialogic Learning

The Value of Student-to-Student Discussion

The Social and Behavioral Benefits of Peer-Assisted Learning

Fostering Collaborative Discussions

Teach Children to Develop Their Own Questions

Student-Led Tools for Dialogic Learning


Collaborative Reasoning

Gallery Walks

Literature Circles

Readers Theatre

Reciprocal Teaching

Peer Tutoring


Chapter 6. Independent Learning

Finding Flow

Learning Words Independently

Independently Working With Words

Open and Closed Concept Word Sorts

Vocabulary Cards

Spelling Words




Word Games

Building Fluent Readers

Reading Into Recorder

Neurological Impress Model

Independent Reading

Independent Writing

Power Writing

Extended Writing Prompts

Big Ideas About Independent Learning

Does It Promote Metacognition?

Does It Promote Goal-Setting?

Does It Promote Self-Regulation?


Chapter 7. Tools to Use in Determining Literacy Impact

Do You Know Your Impact?

Do You Know Your Collective Impact?


Assessing Emergent and Early Readers

Language Comprehension


Early Language Learning Assessments

Concepts About Print

Yopp-Singer Test of Phoneme Segmentation

Sight Words


Decoding Assessments

Letter Identification


Assessing Reading of Meaningful Text

Miscue Analysis

Assessing Developing Readers

Assessing Reading Comprehension

Informal Reading Inventories

Cloze Procedure

Reading Fluency

Metacomprehension Strategies Index

Assessing Attitudes Toward Reading

Elementary Reading Attitude Survey


Assessing Spelling

Assessing Writing Fluency

Assessing Writing Holistically

Literacy Design Collaborative Student Work Rubrics

Assessing Writing Attitude and Motivation

Writing Attitude Survey

Why Assess? Know Your Impact


Compendium of Assessments

Appendix: Effect Sizes



Price: $39.95
Volume Discounts applied in Shopping Cart

For Instructors

Request Review Copy

When you select 'request review copy', you will be redirected to Sage Publishing (our parent site) to process your request.

Related Resources

  • Access to companion resources is available with the purchase of this book.