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Assessing Teacher Dispositions - Book Cover

Assessing Teacher Dispositions

Five Standards-Based Steps to Valid Measurement Using the DAATS Model
By: Judy R. Wilkerson, William Steve Lang

Foreword by Richard C. Kunkel

At last, a step-by-step guide for assessing teacher dispositions that addresses national accreditation standards.

This companion volume to Assessing Teacher Competency provides schools of education, teacher induction programs, and school districts with a fair, valid, reliable, and field-tested framework for assessing and measuring teacher affect and dispositions. The authors' comprehensive five-step DAATS model offers:

  • A research-based assessment system linked to NCATE, INTASC, and NBPTS standards
  • A step-by-step implementation sequence with worksheets and training activities
  • Examples from preservice and inservice settings

Full description

Assessing Teacher Dispositions - Book Cover
Product Details
  • Grade Level: K-12
  • ISBN: 9781412953689
  • Published By: Corwin
  • Year: 2007
  • Page Count: 296
  • Publication date: May 16, 2007

Price: $48.95

Price: $48.95
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"There is a vitally important link between teacher preparation and the performance of those teachers and their students. Assessing Teacher Competency and Assessing Teacher Dispositions provide a strong underpinning to improve teacher competencies in both the cognitive and affective domains in ways that we can hope will endure post-licensure."
—From the Foreword by Richard C. Kunkel

"Well researched and standards based, with activities, worksheets, definitions, and rubrics. Addresses a topic that has been a mystery to assessment gurus."
—Marilyn K. Troupe, Director
Division of Educator Preparation, Kentucky Education Professional Standards Board

At last, a step-by-step guide for assessing teacher dispositions that addresses national accreditation standards.

While school leaders have long sought a definitive tool for assessing teacher affect and dispositions, a practical method for measurement has proven elusive—until now.

Assessing Teacher Dispositions presents a conceptual framework that helps educators understand what "appropriate dispositions" are, why it is important to measure them, and how to implement an assessment process in their schools and districts.

This indispensable companion to Assessing Teacher Competency introduces the authors' research-based five-step DAATS model, combining user-friendly definitions and guiding questions with an examination of assessment design, planning, instrument development, decision making, and data management. Linked to national standards for best practice set by NCATE, INTASC, and NBPTS, the DAATS approach offers:

  • A step-by-step implementation sequence with worksheets and training activities
  • Examples from preservice and inservice settings
  • A comprehensive assessment system when used with the CAATS model for assessing teacher competency (knowledge and skills)

This groundbreaking text offers a field-tested, valid, and reliable process for dispositions assessment that is ideal for schools of education, teacher induction programs, and preservice and inservice training.

Key features

  • For schools of education, teacher induction programs, and school districts 
  • Teacher dispositions (along with teacher knowledge and skills) is the third component that defines the standards of best practice set by NCATE, INTASC, and NBPTS
  • The 5-step DAATS model for measuring teacher dispositions is research based and field tested
  • Presented in a step-by-step sequence with worksheets, training activities, and examples from both pre-service and in-service settings
  • Can be used on its own or in conjunction with the CAATS model for assessing teacher competency (knowledge and skills) as part of a comprehensive assessment system


Judy R. Wilkerson photo

Judy R. Wilkerson

Judy R. Wilkerson is an Associate Professor of Research and Assessment at Florida Gulf Coast University, where she teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in measurement and evaluation. As in this book and all of her research, she focuses her efforts with students on providing a highly pragmatic approach, based in theory, with the goal of instilling a commitment in them to assess K-12 learning. Her Ph.D. is in Measurement and Research from the University of South Florida, where she served for 15 years as Director of Program Review, leading College and University efforts in accreditation. Her career has been dedicated to standards-based assessment of programs and teachers, beginning with the creation of an evaluation model for accreditation in 1987, which she implemented in several states. Beginning in 1990 for 15 years, she served as the primary consultant for higher education to the Florida Department of Education, where she drafted the standards for the initial approval of teacher education programs, designed the program approval process, and provided technical assistance to colleges of education in evaluation of teachers and programs statewide. She has consulted nationally on NCATE accreditation and worked with state associations of teacher educators on accreditation related issues. She has also consulted with school districts in Florida on assessment systems for teachers. She was lead designer of the assessment system for the Florida Alternative Certification Program, now used in over 40 of the 68 school districts in the State.
William Steve Lang photo

William Steve Lang

William Steve Lang is a Professor of Educational Measurement and Research at the University of South Florida St. Petersburg, where he teaches graduate courses in measurement, statistics, and research.   He, too, focuses his teaching on making meaningful and pragmatic uses of the disciplines he teaches.  He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Georgia in 1984.  He has taught as a public school teacher in South Carolina and Georgia and as a college faculty member in South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.   He has published on a variety of applications in educational testing and works extensively with the Rasch Model of Item Response Theory.  He began working extensively with Judy when she joined the faculty of the St. Petersburg Campus in 2001.  Since that time, they have collaborated in all aspects of their research and service efforts with the Florida Department of Education, Florida school districts, and teacher education programs nationwide.   They are working together to build two teacher assessment scales – one on teacher competencies, the subject of this book, and another on dispositions.  Their work in both areas is standards-driven.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

List of Boxes

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

Foreword by Richard C. Kunkel



About the Authors

1. What Are Dispositions and Why Should We Measure Them?

What This Chapter Is About

The Importance of Measuring Dispositions

The Challenge

What Are Standards-Based Dispositions?

Hierarchical Relationships Among Knowledge, Skills, and Dispositions

Remembering Bloom

Dispositions and Accreditation Requirements: Requirements and Definitions

Measuring Dispositions: Sources of Confusion

Measuring Dispositions: Morals, Ethics, or Standards Based?

Different Construct, Different Assessments, Similar Assessment Design Process

Wrap Up

Activity 1.1: Questions for Exploration

Activity 1.2: What Have You Noticed?

Activity 1.3: Assessment Belief Scale

Activity 1.4: Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor Objectives and Assessments

2. Methods for Assessing Dispositions

What This Chapter Is About

A Conceptual Framework for Measuring Dispositions

Measuring Teacher Dispositions: The State of the Art

Back to Basics: Bloom and Krathwhol

Available Methods for Measuring Dispositions or Affect

The Importance of Inference in Measuring Dispositions

Wrap Up

Activity 2.1: Questions for Exploration

Activity 2.2: Bloom and the INTASC Principles

Activity 2.3: Field Work

Activity 2.4: Review Your Feelings

3. DAATS Step 1: Assessment Design Inputs

Where We Have Been So Far

What This Chapter Is About

Why Are Purpose, Use, Propositions, and Content So Important?

DAATS Step 1A: Define the Purpose(s) and Use(s) of the System

DAATS Step 1B: Define the Propositions or Principles That Guide the System

DAATS Step 1C: Define the Conceptual Framework or Content of the System

DAATS Step 1D: Review Local Factors That Impact the System

Wrap Up

Worksheet 3.1: Purpose, Use, Propositions, Content, and Context Checksheet

Worksheet 3.2: Purpose, Use, Content, Draft

Worksheet 3.3: Propositions

Worksheet 3.4: Contextual Analysis

4. DAATS Step 2: Planning With a Continuing Eye on Valid Assessment Decisions

Where We Have Been So Far

What This Chapter Is About

DAATS Step 2A: Analyze Standards and Indicators

All Those Indicators

Why Bother?

DAATS Step 2B: Visualize the Teacher Demonstrating the Affective Targets

DAATS Step 2C: Select Assessment Methods at Different Levels of Inference

DAATS Step 2D: Build an Assessment Framework Correlating Standards and Methods

Wrap Up


Worksheet 4.1: Organizing for Alignment (Version 1)

Worksheet 4.2: Organizing for Alignment (Version 2)

Worksheet 4.3: Visualizing the Dispositional Statements

Worksheet 4.4: Selecting Assessment Methods for INTASC Indicators

Worksheet 4.5: Assessment Methods for INTASC Indicators: Blueprint

Worksheet 4.6: Cost/Benefit and Coverage Analysis of Assessment Methods

5. DAATS Step 3: Instrument Development

Where We Have Been So Far

What This Chapter Is About

DAATS Step 3A: Draft items for Each Instrument

Thurstone Agreement Scales

Questionnaires, Interviews, and Focus Groups

Observed Performance

Thematic Apperception Tests or Situation Reflection Assessment

DAATS Step 3B: Review Items for Applicability to Values, Domain Coverage, Job Relevance

Wrap Up

Worksheet 5.1: Creating Scales

Worksheet 5.2: Creating Questionnaires, Interviews, or K-12 Focus Group Protocols

Worksheet 5.3: Creating an Affective Behaviour Checklist

Worksheet 5.4: Creating an Affective Behaviour Rating Scale

Worksheet 5.5: Creating a Tally Sheet for Affective Observation

Worksheet 5.6: Checklist for Reviewing Scale Drafts

Worksheet 5.7: Review Sheets for Questionnaires and Interviews

Worksheet 5.8: Review Sheets for K-12 Focus Group Protocols

Worksheet 5.9: Checklist for Reviewing Observations and Behavioral Checklists

Worksheet 5.10: Coverage Check

Worksheet 5.11: Rating Form for Stakeholder Review

6. DAATS Step 4: Decision Making and Data Management

Where We Have Been So Far

What This Chapter Is About

DAATS Step 4A: Develop Scoring Rubrics

Dichotomous Response Scoring Keys

Rating Scale Rubrics

DAATS Step 4B: Determine How Data Will Be Combined and Used

Need for Shared Data

Data Storage

Data Aggregation

Maximizing the Utility of the Data for Decision Making

DAATS Step 4C: Develop Implementation Procedures and Materials

Preponderance of the Evidence vs. Cut Scores

Advising and Due Process

Scoring Procedures


Wrap Up

Worksheet #6.1: Explanation of Dichotomous Scoring Decisions

Worksheet #6.2: Rubric Design

Worksheet #6.3: Sample Format for Candidate/Teacher Tracking Form

Worksheet #6.4: Format for Data Aggregation

Worksheet #6.5: Sample Disposition Event Report

Worksheet #6.6: Management Plan

7. DAATS Step 5: Credible Data

Where We Have Been So Far

What This Chapter Is About

What Is Psychometric Integrity and Why Do We Have to Worry About It?

DAATS Step 5A: Create a Plan to Provide Evidence of Validity, Reliability, Fairness, and Utility

Elements of a Plan

Element 7.1: Purpose and Use

Element 7.2: Construct Measured

Element 7.3: Interpretation and Reporting of Scores

Element 7.4: Assessment Specifications and Content Map

Element 7.5: Assessor/Rater Selection and Training Procedures

Element 7.6: Analysis Methodology

Element 7.7: External Review Personnel and Methodology

Element 7.8: Evidence of Validity, Reliability, and Fairness (VRF)

Psychometric Evidence Collected Already

Next Steps in Collecting Evidence of Validity, Reliability, and Fairness

Future Studies

DAATS Step 5B: Implement the Plan Conscientiously

Wrap Up

Worksheets and Examples

Worksheet 7.1: Assessment Specifications

Worksheet 7.2: Analysis of Appropriateness of Decisions for Teacher Failures

Worksheet 7.3: Analysis of Rehire Data

Worksheet 7.4: Program Improvement Record

Worksheet 7.5: Expert Rescoring

Worksheet 7.6: Fairness Review

Worksheet 7.7: Analysis of Remediation Efforts and EO Impact

Worksheet 7.8: Psychometric Plan Format

Example 1: Logistic Ruler for Content Validity

Example 2: Computation of the Lawshe (1975) Content Validity Ratio

Example 3: Disparate Impact Analysis

Example 4: Computation of Cohen's Kappa (1960) for Inter-rater Reliability

Example 5: Two Pearson Correlation Coefficients and Scatterplots: Disposition Scores Correlated with PRAXIS and Portfolio Scores

Example 6: Spearman Correlation Coefficient and Scatterplot: Disposition Scores Correlated With Principal Ratings

Example 7: Correlation Matrix and Scatterplots Knowledge, Impact, Dispositions, Skills (KIDS)

Example 8: T-Test Comparing Dispositions of Mathematics and Science Teachers

Example 9: DIF Analysis for Programs

8. Using Teacher Scores for Continuous Improvement

What This Chapter Is About

Reasons Why We Use the Rasch Model

The Classical Approach

A Quick Overview of Where Rasch Fits Into the Grand Scheme of IRT Models

Rasch: The Basics

Getting Started

Differences That Item Writers Make

Guttman Scaling

A Sample Rasch Ruler

From Pictures to Numbers

The Fit Statistic

Gain Scores " Real or Imagined'

Ratings and Raters

Learning More About Rasch

Wrap Up

Activity #1: Decision-Making Tool for Measurement

9. Legal Integrity

What This Chapter Is About

Why Not Portfolios?

Why the Pied Piper?

What IF?? A Legal Scenario: Mary Beth JoAnne Sues XYZ University

MBJ Helps Us to Understand the Convergency of Psychometrics and Legal Requirements

Background Facts

Scenario #1

Scenarios #2, 3, and 4

Psychometric Issues and Legal Challenges in the Real World

Legal Issues and Precedents

Three Landmark Dispositions Cases in Two Years

Tide Changing in NCATE

Standards Are the Vanguard!

MBJ Revisited

End Note

Resource I. DAATS Steps and Worksheets

Resource II. INTASC Disposition Indicators





Price: $48.95
Volume Discounts applied in Shopping Cart

For Instructors

Request Review Copy

When you select 'request review copy', you will be redirected to Sage Publishing (our parent site) to process your request.