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Tier 3 of the RTI Model
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Tier 3 of the RTI Model
Problem Solving Through a Case Study Approach

Edited by:
  • Sawyer Hunley - University of Dayton, USA
  • Kathy McNamara - Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, Cleveland State University, USA

Other Titles in:
At-Risk | RTI | School Counseling

© 2010 | 248 pages | Corwin

Published in Association with National Association of School Psychologists

"This book offers critical, practical, coherent, comprehensive, and research-based information for schools and districts implementing an RTI framework of intervention. It maps a seamless process of support that enables school psychologists and school teams to provide tiered interventions to increase student achievement."
—Jane Wagmeister, Director of Curriculum, Instruction, and Continuous Improvement, RTI Co-Chair Task Force
Ventura County Office of Education

Identify students' learning needs and make appropriate decisions regarding instruction and intervention!

Response to Intervention (RTI) is a three-tiered framework that helps all students by providing targeted interventions at increasing levels of intensity. This detailed guide to tier 3 of the RTI model provides school psychologists and RTI teams with a case study approach to conducting intensive, comprehensive student evaluations.

With step-by-step guidelines for Grades K–12, this resource demonstrates how to develop a specific case study for students who are struggling in the general classroom. Focusing exclusively on the third tier, the book:

  • Provides guidance on problem identification and analysis, progress monitoring, selection of research-based interventions, and evaluation of case study outcomes
  • Addresses both academic and behavioral challenges, including mental health issues
  • Shows how school psychologists can collaborate with other members of the RTI team
  • Provides tools for assessment and for tracking progress

Tier 3 of the RTI Model guides school psychologists through the involved, in-depth process of building a case study that identifies student needs and helps educators determine the best way to educate students with learning challenges.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
1. Introduction to RTI and the Case Study Model
Context and History  
The Response to Intervention Process  
The Case Study Model and Prereferral Intervention  
Summary  
 
2. Assessment Principles and Practices
Assessment Methods  
Assessment at Tier 1  
Assessment at Tier 2  
Assessing Behavior  
Summary  
 
3. Facilitating Response to Intervention in Schools
School Psychologist as Systems Change Agent  
Evaluating the System  
Goal Setting  
RTI Implementation  
Summary  
 
4. Problem Identification
Tier 1  
Tier 2  
Tier 3  
Behavioral Definition of the Problem  
Problem Certification: Establishing the Severity of the Discrepancy Between Actual and Expected Performance  
Formulating Intervention Goals  
Planning Data-Collection Activities for Baseline Measurement and Progress Monitoring  
Assessment of Factors Related to the Problem  
Summary  
 
5. Problem Analysis
Generating Hypotheses  
Primary and Secondary Dependent Variables  
Types of Hypotheses  
Intervention Selection  
Hypothesis Testing  
Summary  
 
6. Single-Case Design
Single-Case Design and Hypothesis Testing  
Single-Case Design and Progress Monitoring  
Choosing a Single-Case Design  
Summary  
 
7. Intervention
Selecting Research-Based Interventions  
Intervention Integrity  
Linking Interventions to Hypotheses  
Characteristics of Effective Academic Interventions  
Characteristics of Effective Behavioral Interventions  
Targets of Intervention  
Summary  
 
8. Evaluating Case Study Outcomes
Visual Analysis  
Conducting Visual Analyses  
Magnitude of Change  
Choosing, Calculating, and Interpreting Effect Sizes  
Quality of the Outcome: Goal-Attainment Scaling  
Choosing Evaluation Methods and Judging Outcomes  
Summary  
 
9. Using the Case Study to Determine Special Education Eligibility
Disability Versus Eligibility Determination  
Responsiveness Versus Resistance  
Using Case Study Information for Special Education Eligibility Determination  
RTI and Specific Learning Disabilities  
Decision Making in Eligibility Determination  
Technical Adequacy of Decision-Making Practices  
Eligibility Decisions  
Summary  
 
10. Program Evaluation
Case Study Structure  
Case Study Rubric  
Case Study: Morgan  
Case Study: Reggie  
Evaluation of School Psychology Services and Programs  
Case Study Fidelity  
Intervention Integrity  
Magnitude of Change  
Goal-Attainment Scaling  
Summary  
 
References
 
Index

“This book provides a timely and crucial resource for school psychologists who seek to use best practices in responsive intervention. It shows each step of tier 3 case study methods and how they relate to all other aspects of RTI.”

Rachel Brown, Associate Professor and Program Coordinator
University of Southern Maine

“This book offers critical, practical, coherent, comprehensive, and research-based information for schools and districts implementing an RTI framework of intervention. It maps a seamless process of support that enables school psychologists and school teams to provide tiered interventions to increase student achievement.”

Jane Wagmeister, Director of Curriculum, Instruction, and Continuous Improvement, RTI Co-Chair Task Force
Ventura County Office of Education

“This is a GREAT book. Comprehensive, easy to understand for psychologists. Great attitude about the process—positive, helpful.”

Gloria Avolio DePaul, School Counselor
Hillsborough County School District, Tampa, FL

"The case studies are relevant and incorporate the key elements of collaborative problem solving, data-based decision making, logical linkage between the stages, and fidelity of case study procedures. This is an excellent resource for educators. Highly Recommended."

C. Grissom
CHOICE magazine, November 2010 (Vol. 48 No. 03)
Key features
• A guide to Tier Three of the Response to Intervention model for identifying and addressing learning disabilities – identifying disabilities and required services
• A guide to conducting case studies of students who were unsuccessful in the general classroom (Tier Two of the model)
• Concrete guidelines for implementation provided
• A rubric provided for evaluating implementation

Sample Materials & Chapters

Hunley_Tier_3_Preface

Hunley_Tier_3_Chapter_1


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ISBN: 9781412953313
$36.95

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