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The Paraprofessional's Essential Guide to Inclusive Education
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The Paraprofessional's Essential Guide to Inclusive Education

Third Edition


December 2008 | 248 pages | Corwin

"A well-designed reference and learning tool for paraprofessionals. The valuable templates can easily be reproduced and used with students."
—Renee Bernhardt, Special Education Teacher
Johnston Elementary School, Woodstock, GA

"This is a great guide. I have already used excerpts for an informal paraprofessional workshop in my school. The paraeducators thought that it covered all the areas of concern that they have. They couldn't believe how many ready-to-use ideas it had."
—Dawne Dragonetti, Special Education Teacher and Instructional Coach
Center School, Stow, MA

Hundreds of strategies that promote success for struggling students in inclusive classrooms!

Paraprofessionals are essential in helping students with special needs access the general education curriculum and receive the individualized attention they need. This updated edition of Inclusion: An Essential Guide for the Paraprofessional answers paraprofessionals' most common questions and provides extensive strategies for all content areas.

Developed as a daily, hands-on working manual, the completely revised edition includes a new chapter on reading, expanded chapters throughout, additional activities for classroom use, more than 75 new strategies, and more than 50 forms available on a CD-ROM for easy reproduction. Ideal for experienced or novice paraprofessionals, this volume includes techniques for supporting students in reading, spelling, language, and mathematics, and covers topics such as:

  • Inclusive practices
  • Policies, procedures, and schedules
  • Accommodations and modifications for the classroom
  • Communication and organizational skills
  • Peer tutoring
  • Behavior management
  • Confidentiality and reporting

Also an appropriate handbook for working with general education students who may need additional help to experience academic success, this resource provides the ideal support for all paraprofessionals working in the general education classroom.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
 
1. Building Background
Activities  
Inclusive Practices: Myth and Reality  
Benefits of Inclusive Education  
 
2. The Special Education System
Student Placement  
What Are Handicapping Conditions?  
Classroom Implications  
Conclusion  
 
3. The Special Education Team
 
4. Confidentiality and Special Education
Mandated Reporting  
Confidentiality Related to Students  
Activities  
Guidelines for Confidentiality  
 
5. Getting Started
Learning About Policies and Procedures  
The Paraprofessional's Role  
Role Delineation  
Developing a Schedule  
Scheduling for a Substitute  
Effective Communication Strategies  
Observations and Evaluations  
Breakdown in Communication  
Conclusion  
 
6. The Paraprofessional and the General Education Teacher
Working in the Classroom Environment  
Working With Students  
Types of Classroom Instruction  
Activity  
Peer Tutoring and Leadership Opportunities  
Skill Reinforcement  
Assistive Technology  
 
7. Accommodations and Modifications
What Is the Difference?  
Levels of Change  
Getting Organized  
Frequently Asked Questions  
 
8. Helping All Students Learn
Prereading Stage  
Creating Audiotapes  
Previewing or Preteaching Materials  
On-the-Spot Changes  
Novels, Free-Choice, and Silent Reading  
Tracking Difficulties  
Students With Hearing Impairments  
Students With Vision Impairments  
 
9. Support Across the Curriculum
Daily Assignments  
Activities  
Following Directions  
Large-Group Instruction  
Note-Taking Skills  
Organizational Skills  
 
10. Reading
Strategies for Struggling Readers  
Reading Decoding  
Reading Comprehension  
Vocabulary Development  
Students With Visual Difficulties  
 
11. Written Language
Prewriting Stage  
One Word at a Time  
Generating Ideas  
The Writing Process  
Spelling in the Context of Written Language Assignments  
 
12. Spelling
Grade-Level Spelling Lists  
Parallel Spelling Activities  
Drill and Practice Activities  
Study Methods for Spelling  
Spelling Tests  
Grading  
 
13. Mathematics
General Teaching Strategies  
Parallel Math Activities  
Modifying Math Assignments  
Student Aids  
 
14. Classroom Assessments
General Strategies  
Types of Assessments  
 
15. Behavior Management
Behavior Strategy Tips  
Reinforcement and Discipline  
ADD/ADHD  
Providing Structure for Students  
Working With Students  
Working With Impulsive and Easily Distracted Students  
 
A Final Note From the Author
 
Resources: Reproducible Forms
Form 1. Contact List  
Form 2. Discussion Activities for Paraprofessionals  
Form 3. Job Description  
Form 4. General Responsibilities  
Form 5. Roles and Responsibilities  
Form 6. Daily Schedule  
Form 7. Special Education Acronyms  
Form 8. Daily Log  
Form 9. Daily Communication  
Form 10. Alternate Plan  
Form 11. Medical Alert Form  
Form 12. Classroom Information  
Form 13. Goal Worksheet  
Form 14. Instructional Changes  
Form 15. Curriculum  
Form 16. Textbooks  
Form 17. Daily Assignments  
Form 18. Assessments  
Form 19. Volunteer List  
Form 20. Daily Assignment Log  
Form 21. Weekly Assignments  
Form 22. Common Abbreviations for Note Taking  
Form 23. Chapter Outline  
Form 24. Compare and Contrast  
Form 25. Weekly Study Schedule  
Form 26. Priority Assignment Sheet  
Form 27. My To-Do List  
Form 28. Checklist: Materials to Take Home  
Form 29. Alphabet Activities  
Form 30. Alphabet Cards  
Form 31. Common Word Families  
Form 32. Basic Phonics Rules  
Form 33. Dolch Word List  
Form 34. Instant Words  
Form 35. Bingo Game Grid  
Form 36. Tic-Tac-Toe Grid  
Form 37. Word List  
Form 38. Story Organizer  
Form 39. Common Prefixes and Suffixes  
Form 40. Charting New Vocabulary  
Form 41. Story Starters  
Form 42. Story Planner  
Form 43. Story Outline  
Form 44. Proofreading Checklists  
Form 45. Paragraph Sequencing Activity  
Form 46. Study Methods for Spelling  
Form 47. "What Do I Do if. . .?"  
Form 48. Behavior Change Plan  
Form 49. Tally Sheet  
Form 50. Sample Reinforcement Charts  
Form 51. Positive Reinforcement Phrases  
Form 52. Point Sheet  
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"A well-designed reference and learning tool for paraprofessionals. Many of the suggestions, examples, and vignettes could be applied to general educations students as well as those with disabilities. The valuable templates can easily be reproduced and used with students."

Renee Bernhardt, Special Education Teacher
Johnston Elementary School, Woodstock, GA

“This is a great guide. I have already used excerpts for an informal paraprofessional workshop in my school. The paraeducators thought that it covered all the areas of concern that they have. They couldn’t believe how many ready-to-use ideas it had and felt that the appendix alone was worth the price.”

Dawne Dragonetti, Special Education Teacher and Instructional Coach
Center School, Stow, MA

"Hammeken has provided an invaluable tool for paraprofessionals, school administrators, and teachers, both general and special. This book is a goldmine of information."

Esther Eacho, Learning Disabilities Resource Teacher
Aldrin Elementary School, Reston, VA

"I highly recommend this for paraeducators, special and general education teachers, and problem-solving teams looking for things to try for students. Get many copies!"

Beverly Plagge, Paraprofessional Educator
Area Education Agency, Latimer, IA
Key features
  • Over 400 strategies for working with students with special needs in an inclusive classroom or resource room setting

  • A brand-new chapter on reading with specific strategies and material to enhance student support in the areas of decoding, comprehension, and vocabulary development, along with new supplemental forms.

  • Updated discussion of special education legislation

  • Appendix and CD includes over 50 reproducible forms to help with communication, planning, documentation, supplemental student aids, and more!


Sample Materials & Chapters

Preface

Chapter 1: Building Background


Preview this book

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ISBN: 9781412966115
$39.95

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