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Psychiatric Disorders
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Psychiatric Disorders
Current Topics and Interventions for Educators

Edited by:
  • Paul C. McCabe - Certified School Psychologist, New York, Brooklyn College and the Graduate School, City University of New York
  • Steven R. Shaw - McGill University, Canada


February 2010 | 184 pages | Corwin
Educators often face the pressure to address children's medical needs within the school setting, but sometimes find themselves having to make difficult decisions without adequate training, support, or information about important pediatric issues. When faced with a medical question, many may turn to the Internet where information is sometimes reliable, sometimes not.

This concise and well-researched investigation into psychiatric health issues provides credibility and verifiability of data and establishes a foundation of confidence for any educator who must make policy, differentiate instruction, provide educational accommodations, offer special education services, collaborate with families, and work with the community to serve to children's medical, physical, and psychological needs.

Written for school psychologists, counsellors, administrators, and teachers, this highly practical and easy-to-understand reference describes genetic, chromosomal, and acquired disorders and discusses behavioural issues that may manifest themselves in classrooms as well as treatment options and intervention strategies. Readers will find:

- A section on neuropsychiatric conditions that affect the most children and result in the most common questions directed at educators, including Tourette syndrome, bipolar/mood disorders, and separation anxiety disorder

- A section on psychopharmacology that discusses the use of atypical antipsychotics and autism, treating tardive dyskinesia in children, medical management of ADHD, polypharmacy prescription practice, and side effects of common health medications

- A section on dietary control and supplement use that includes dietary treatments for autism, identification and treatment of eating disorders, and use of steroids in adolescence

Each chapter includes a case study, parent handouts, and a literature review based on the latest and most reliable scientific research.


 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Part I. Neuropsychiatric Conditions Affecting Children
Paul C. McCabe, Steven R. Shaw
1. Developments in Neuropsychiatric Treatment: New Challenges and Old Problems
Introduction

 
Linking Neurotransmitters to Behavior

 
Increasing Specificity of Medications

 
Medication Side Effects

 
(De-) Emphasis on Talk Therapies

 
Future Directions

 
References

 
Jason Collins, Paul C. McCabe
2. Neurochemical Bases of Tourette Syndrome and Implications for Educators
Introduction

 
Glossary

 
Literature Review

 
Prevalence and Epidemiology

 
Clinical Phenomenology

 
Comorbidity

 
Neurochemical Bases

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Tourette Syndrome

 
J. Elizabeth Chesno Grier, Megan L. Wilkins, Elizabeth Jeffords
3. Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
Introduction

 
Glossary

 
Literature Review

 
Symptoms of bipolar Disorder

 
Differential Diagnosis

 
Interventions for Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

 
Medical Management

 
Psychosocial Interventions

 
Conclusions

 
Implications for Educators

 
School-based Interventions

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Pediatric Bipolar Disorder

 
Erica E. Levavi, Florence J. Schneider, Paul C. McCabe
4. Parental Control Effects on Separation Anxiety Disorder in Children
Introduction

 
Glossary

 
Literature Review

 
Behavioral Control

 
Parental Anxiety

 
Parental Affection

 
Discipline

 
Psychological Control

 
Cultural Differences

 
Parental Factors

 
Implications for Educators

 
Prevention

 
Intervention

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Interventions for Children with Separation Anxiety Disorder

 
Sara Pollak-Kagan, Paul McCabe
5. Mood Disorders and Creativity
Introduction

 
Glossary

 
Literature Review

 
Link Between Bipolar Disorder and Creativity

 
Neurobiological and Genetic Model

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Use of Creative Mediums with Children and Adolescents with Mood Disorders

 
 
Part II. Psychopharmacology
Steven R. Shaw, Tamara Dawkins
6. Atypical Antipsychotic Use in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review for Educators
Introduction

 
Background

 
The Effects of Atypical Antipsychotic on Symptoms of ASD

 
Agression

 
Hyperactivity

 
Mood

 
Cognition

 
Side Effects

 
Clozapine

 
Olanzapine

 
Risperidone

 
Quetiapine

 
Ziprasidone

 
Conclusions

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Use of Atypical Antipsychotic Medication with Children and Adolescents

 
Daniel Farrell, Janine Fischer, Paul C. McCabe
7. Tardive Dyskinesia with Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Medications in Children and Adolescents
Introduction

 
Background

 
Symptoms and Prevalence

 
Prevalence of TD

 
Treatment of TD

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Quesitons

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Tardive Dyskinesia

 
John S. Carlson, Angela Maupin, Tara Brinkman
8. Recent Advances in the Medical Management of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Introduction

 
Background

 
Psychostimulants

 
Atomoxetine

 
Novel and Alternative Medicines

 
Conclusion

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Recent Advances in the Medical Management of ADHD

 
John S. Carlson
9. Polypharmacy Prescription Practices in School-Aged Populations: Challenges and Considerations
Introduction

 
Background

 
Overview and Definitions

 
Risks Associated with Polypharmacy

 
Assumptions Associated with Polypharmacy

 
Medication Use in School-aged Populations

 
Medication Use within Vulnerable Populations

 
Prevalence of Polypharmacy in Childhood Populations

 
Cultural Considerations and Polypharmacy

 
Interventions

 
Combined Medication Approaches

 
Monitoring Combined Medication Treatments

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout- Polypharmacy Prescription Practices in School-aged Populations

 
Larry M. Bolen, Michael B. Brown
10. Educational Implications of Commonly Used Pediatric Medications
Introduction

 
Background

 
Medication Issues

 
Non-specific Medication Side Effects

 
Issues Specific to Medications for Treatment of Asthma

 
Issues Specific to Medications for Pain and Fever

 
Issues Specific to Medications for Cough and Colds

 
Implications for Educators

 
Assessment

 
Intervention

 
Advocacy and Education

 
Conclusion

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout- Medication Effects in Children

 
 
Part III. Diatary Control and Supplement Use
Caryn R. Depinna, Paul C. McCabe
11. Dietary Modification in the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Introduction

 
Background

 
The GFCF Diet

 
Research Limitations

 
Conclusion

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Dietary Modification: The Gluten-Free Casein-Free Diet

 
Catherine Cook-Cottone
12. The Prevention and Intervention of Eating Disorders
Introduction

 
Background

 
Etiology Research Brief

 
Neurological Findings

 
Other Contributing Factors

 
Prevention and Intervention Support

 
Eating Disorder Prevention Practices and the Three Tiered Service Delivery Model

 
Universal Prevention

 
Targeted Prevention

 
Identify At-risk Individuals

 
Make Referrals/Be Aware of Resources

 
Intervention Overview

 
Implications for Educators

 
School Reintegration

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Prevention and Intervention of Eating Disorders

 
Sarita Gober, Paul McCabe
13. Steroids in Adolescents: The Cost of Achieving the Physical Ideal
Introduction

 
Background

 
Steroid Use and Effects

 
Gender-specific Health Risks

 
Physiological Health Risks

 
Psychological and Behavioral Risks and Effects

 
Withdrawal

 
Prevalence of Steroid Use

 
Reasons for Steroid Use

 
Typology 1: Sports and Physical Performance Improvement

 
Typology 2: Appearance

 
Typology 3: Illicit Drug Use and Other Risky, Sensation-Seeking Behaviors

 
Implications for Educators

 
Educational Strategies

 
Discussion Questions

 
Research Summary

 
Handout-Anabolic Steroid Use Among Adolescents

 
 
Appendix
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"Paul McCabe and Steven Shaw have provided an essential and comprehensive resource for school personnel. The prodigious three volumes are a critical presentation of the expansive range of student issues that confront educators and student support specialists."

Katy Olweiler, Counselor
Lakeside School, Seattle, WA

"This book focuses on educational implications of Tourette syndrome, biopolar disorder, mood disorders, eating disorders, and other issues, as well as pediatric medications and side effects. The well-organized chapters include research reviews, educational strategies, handouts, and discussion questions and are valuable resources for school psychologists, teachers, administrators, nurses, and others."

Patti L. Harrison, President, National Association of School Psychologists
Professor of School Psychology, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

"Provides an excellent summary of neuropsychiatric disorders of children (e.g., ADHD, mood disorders, Tourette disorder, etc.) and their pharmacological treatment. What is unique is the discussion of the ongoing tension between psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic approaches to addressing these issues and the role of educators in supporting children with neuropsychiatric conditions. This book represents a well-rounded and even-handed approach to some very controversial issues and provides a variety of strategies that educators can use in addressing the psychiatric issues they face most often."

John E. Desrochers, Editor, Communique
School Psychologist, Westport Public Schools, CT

Sample Materials & Chapters

Preface

Chapter 1: Developments in Neuropsychiatric Treatment


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ISBN: 9781412968768
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