Formative Assessment Strategies for Enhanced Learning in Science, K-8
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Formative Assessment Strategies for Enhanced Learning in Science, K-8



© 2009 | 144 pages | Corwin

"Hammerman focuses on the meaning and centrality of formative assessment, providing insights, examples, and ties to numerous individual initiatives to improve science experiences for students and to inspire better teaching for teachers."
—Robert E. Yager, Professor of Science Education
University of Iowa

"This book addresses the various assessments used in our schools and how they can be approached to improve learning."
—Elizabeth Alvarez, Math and Science Coach
Chicago Public Schools, IL

Use formative assessment to guide successful teaching and learning in science!

Proven to be one of the most powerful tools for promoting effective learning, formative assessment enables teachers to capture evidence of student thinking and learning and use that information to adjust instruction. In this concise resource, science educator Elizabeth Hammerman clearly outlines the formative assessment process and provides practical strategies for embedding assessments into the K–8 standards-based science curriculum.

This research-based book demonstrates how student-centered assessment helps students assume more responsibility for what they learn and how they learn. Teachers can use the various models of formative assessments to monitor student progress and evaluate learning. The author guides readers through discussions, "thought and reflection" activities, analyses of assessment techniques, and applications to classroom practice.

Ideal for teachers and science and curriculum specialists, this user-friendly resource provides all the necessary tools to:

  • Assess student understanding using observation checklists, questioning strategies, notebooks, reports, graphic organizers, projects, and performance tasks
  • Differentiate science instruction to reach all learners
  • Use rubrics as a means of discovering student strengths and weaknesses
  • Collect student data to inform instructional decisions

With this easy-to-implement guide, any teacher can effectively use formative assessment strategies to enhance instruction and increase student achievement in science.

 
Preface
The Goals of Formative Assessment Strategies for Enhanced Learning in Science  
Uses for Formative Assessment Strategies for Enhanced Learning in Science  
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Introduction
Student-Centered Instruction and Assessment  
Changing Practice to Improve Learning  
An Overview of Chapters  
 
1. Formative Assessment and Science
New Ways of Thinking About Assessment  
Goal-Centered Assessment  
Research Support for Formative Assessment  
Creating a Vision for Formative Assessment  
Examining Beliefs and Practices  
Traditional Versus Student-Centered Views of Assessment  
Formative Assessment as "Authentic" Assessment  
Clear Targets for Instruction and Assessment  
 
2. Using Rubrics to Guide Learning
The What and Why of Rubrics  
Holistic Rubrics  
Designing Holistic Rubrics  
Generalized Rubrics  
Examples of Generalized Rubrics  
Analytic Rubrics  
Assessment Tasks With Analytic Rubrics  
Designing Analytic Rubrics  
Rubrics for Self-Assessment and Peer Assessment  
Design a Rubric  
 
3. Observation Checklists and Effective Questioning
Observation Checklists  
Sample Observation Checklists  
Effective Questioning  
Questions for Thinking and Problem Solving  
Questions for Instruction and Assessment  
 
4. Notebooks, Reports, and Graphic Organizers
Notebooks  
Notebooks as Assessment Tools  
Rubric for a Science Notebook  
Lab Reports  
Lab Reports for Learning and Assessment  
Rubric for a Lab Report  
Graphic Organizers  
Descriptive Organizers  
Sequential Organizers  
Process-Casual Organizers  
Categorical Organizers  
Comparison-Related Organizers  
Problem-Solution Organizers  
Four Corner Organizers  
 
5. Projects and Presentations
Learning Through Projects  
Assessing Projects  
Rubric for a Project  
Learning Through Presentations  
Assessing Presentations  
 
6. Performance Tasks and Embedded Assessments
Performance Assessment  
Performance Tasks  
A Generalized Rubric for a Performance Task  
Embedded Assessments  
A Model for Embedded Assessments  
Sample Embedded Performance Task  
Designing Embedded Performance Assessments  
Performance Assessments Following Instruction  
Sample Performance Assessments  
Performance Assessment as Benchmark Assessment  
Characteristics of Benchmark Assessments  
Sample Benchmark Assessment  
 
7. Planning and Implementing Formative Assessment
Characteristics of High-Quality Instruction and Assessment  
Planning Formative Assessment  
A Planning Guide for Formative Assessment  
A Planning Guide for a Unit on Cells  
Using Assessment Data to Modify Instruction  
Project Choices  
Adjusting Assignments  
Stations for Active Learning  
Differentiating Instruction Through Centers  
Creating Contracts  
Formative Assessment and Accountability  
 
References and Further Reading
 
Index

"Hammerman focuses on the meaning and centrality of formative assessment, providing insights, examples, and ties to numerous individual initiatives to improve science experiences for students and to inspire better teaching for teachers."

Robert E. Yager, Professor of Science Education
University of Iowa

"Addresses the various assessments used in our schools, but most importantly how they can be approached to improve learning."

Elizabeth Alvarez, Math and Science Coach
Chicago Public Schools, IL

"With so many teachers trying to meet the needs of NCLB, using strategies that we find credible and do-able is a major goal. The many good suggestions with reasonable rationale make this a valuable book."

Judith A. Filkins, K-8 Math and Science Curriculum Coordinator
Lebanon School District, NH

"The book fills a gap left open by many teacher credential programs: how to teach and assess science. New and veteran teachers will benefit from the specific examples of assessment strategies given and the prompts to reflect on practice."

Regina Brinker, Science Teacher
Christensen Middle School, Livermore, CA
Key features
•Provides models for each type of assessment and shows how they can be used to instruct, monitors and guides student progress, and evaluates learning.
•Overview of research on formative assessment
•Introduces a variety of classroom assessment strategies
•Creates a vision for assessment
•Links classroom instruction and assessment to standardized testing
•Address a broad range of assessment strategies and provide examples of each type of assessment
•'Teaches teachers' how to use classroom assessment strategies to enhance instruction and increase achievement
•Introduces concepts and strategies – aka an Assessment Toolkit (about 8 different assessment "tools")
•Elaborates on the concept or strategy through activities and models
•Challenges teachers to apply the strategies to classroom practice

Sample Materials & Chapters

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1: Formative Assessment and Science


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ISBN: 9781412962971
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