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Feedback to Feed Forward
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Feedback to Feed Forward
31 Strategies to Lead Learning



July 2018 | 256 pages | Corwin

Feedback that works—for leadership that makes a difference. 

As a leader, you know that feedback is essential to teachers’ growth and development. But crafting the right feedback can be daunting. How do you conduct comprehensive observations, accurately analyze lessons for effectiveness, and develop high-leverage action steps that bring lasting change to teacher practices and student outcomes? 

This how-to book, designed for leaders in all roles and at all experience levels, provides a dynamic yet practical leadership model focused on precisely those key tasks. Features include

  • Comprehensive explanations of standards and descriptions of discrete core skills
  • Explicit think-alouds, ready-to-use strategies, and field-tested lesson examples
  • Evidence-collection notes—with templates—from live observations
  • Feedback samples across grade levels and content areas
  • Replicable case studies for professional learning 

Simply inspecting teaching practice through observation might be easy; providing feedback that feeds forward and promotes growth is far more challenging. With this comprehensive learning tool, you’ll use feedback to make the most of your role as a leader of learning—for both teachers and students.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1: What does it mean to lead learning?
Finding Time to Lead Learning  
Rethinking Evaluation  
Leading Change Through Educator Evaluation  
Core Assumptions About Current Practice  
Feedback as the Common Thread  
A Shift From Summary to Analysis  
Core Skills for Observation and Feedback  
What’s Ahead?  
 
Chapter 2: How can you use an instructional framework to improve observation and feedback practices?
Skill Set for Building Understanding of a Framework  
Deconstructing Your Framework  
Unpacking Expectations  
Using a Feedback Frame  
Final Thoughts  
 
Chapter 3: How can you collect evidence in the classroom to improve feedback?
Skill Set for Collecting Evidence  
Bias in Observation  
Identifying Types of Data  
Evidence Collection: The Basics  
Evidence Collection: Student Engagement and Learning  
Using a Balance of Evidence to Feed Forward  
Final Thoughts  
 
Chapter 4: How can you determine effectiveness of instruction and a teacher’s impact on learners?
Skill Set for Determining Effectiveness  
Using Your Evidence to Analyze Effectiveness  
Understanding What We Are Analyzing  
Analyzing Engagement  
Influences on Engagement and Learning  
Final Thoughts  
 
Chapter 5: How can you determine a teacher’s areas of instructional strength and growth?
Skill Set for Determining Areas of Strength and Growth  
What Teachers Need to Know  
Using Analysis  
Determining Areas of Strength and Growth  
Citing Areas of Strength and Growth  
Understanding Research-Based Strategies  
Using Research-Based Strategies in Feedback  
Pulling It All Together  
Final Thoughts  
 
Chapter 6: How can your feedback feed forward?
Skill Set for Developing Objective Feedback  
Bias in Feedback  
Increasing Objectivity  
Feedback to Feed Forward  
Skill Set for Developing Feedback as a Learning Tool  
Defining “Actionable” Next Steps  
Developing Action Steps  
Prioritizing Next Steps  
Developing Reflective Practices  
Pulling It All Together  
Final Thoughts  
 
Chapter 7: What professional learning builds your capacity to lead learning?
What’s Next?  
The Current Approach  
Essentials of Effective Professional Learning Design  
Building a New Approach  
Professional Learning Designs in Action  
Final Thoughts and Beyond  
 
Strategies List
 
Tables and Figures List
 
References
 
Index

Leading learning meets specificity! Tepper and Flynn take the most powerful strategy for change we know—feedback— and comprehensively break it down into themes that are well-grounded in theory and practice. Treat Feedback to Feed Forward as a master cookbook. Look for what you need and delve into it with a connoisseur’s appetite.

Michael Fullan, Professor Emeritus, OISE/University of Toronto
University of Toronto

Teachers are starving for effective feedback – feedback they can actually use to take next steps in their teaching and their students’ learning.  Grounded in research and the authors’ years of experience, Feedback to Feed Forward provides an indispensable guide for instructional leaders in how to use an instructional framework, collect a variety of evidence, and analyze impact on student learning — all in the service of providing teachers with objective, growth-oriented, and actionable feedback.  Practical and accessible, the book combines a compelling vision for instructional leadership focused on student learning with authentic examples, data collection tools, and concrete strategies that anyone who supports teachers, regardless of the level expertise, can apply immediately to their own practice.

Nancy Love, author of The Data Coach's Guide for Improving Learning for All Students
Corwin author

Feedback to Feed Forward: 31 Strategies to Lead Learning is a must-read for practicing school leaders whose roles have rapidly evolved over the past several years.  Tepper and Flynn have masterfully unpacked the essential elements of effective supervision and evaluation that supports teachers in improving their practice. In this practical guidebook, the authors focus on the practices of instructional leaders who have become leaders of learning in their schools. As the result of years of work supporting schools and districts who have struggled to implement new systems of educator evaluation, they have seen firsthand the need to support school leaders in developing a new set of core skills and strategies to confidently and effectively lead learning in their schools. In order for school leaders to feel comfortable immersing themselves in teaching and learning every day, they need on-going professional learning and support to develop the skills for effective observation and direct feedback that promotes growth, improves teacher practice, and results in student learning.

Sara J. Barzee, Chief Talent Officer, CT State Department of Education
CT State Department of Education

I love how versatile and practical the content of this book is! No matter what evaluation rubric or method you use – this process of data collection, connecting the data to the rubric, and setting a course of action leads to meaningful feedback that teachers can immediately implement in their classroom practice. Tepper and Flynn create a system of support to help administrators through every stage of the evaluation process. Whether you’re new to the process, or have been conducting evaluations for years, the reader connects to where they are and can easily determine next steps for themselves throughout every chapter. The authors provide guidance that supports leaders in fostering a climate that cultivates a collaborative and reflective approach to growth and development through the evaluation process.

Alisha L. DiCorpo, Assistant Superintendent, New Milford, CT
New Milford, CT

Feedback to Feed Forward: 31 Strategies to Lead Learning gives me a whole new way to think about classroom observation by elevating this very common practice to a strategic, purposeful, and scientific professional development tool!  It is a book so full of strategies, information, guidance, and tips to improve my work that I will read, re-read, and study it continually as I hone my skills of observation and feedback to promote teacher growth. With regard to my work as an observer of classroom instruction, this book enabled me to answer the three highlighted questions, "Where am I going? How am I going?  Where to next?" Tepper and Flynn provide a clear, step-by-step way to think about and perform observations for the purpose of defining what I am actually looking for, seeking evidence of it while in the room and using that evidence to craft actionable feedback for a teacher.

Amy Bruce, Principal, West Ridge Elementary, Thornton, CO
Thornton, CO

One of the best books I have read regarding evaluation practices. In my almost 13 years as an administrator I have always known that feedback and discussion after the evaluation was important but now I have a better understanding of how to address very specific aspects. Looking at the big picture in a way that breaks it down into four categories was incredibly helpful. While it feels overwhelming to think about doing all of these things in one evaluation since it is a new approach for me, now that I know better, I must do better. I have been practicing some of my learning while reading the book with one of my teachers and the first time I went in, I didn't know who was more nervous, her or me! However, there was a sense of excitement knowing that I was gaining skills to be a better evaluator which in turn will produce better teachers and more engaged learners! This is a process that will take time but taking the first step has opened a whole new door for me in improving my evaluation process!

Chris deNeui, Principal, Central Elementary School; Nevada, IA
Central Elementary School; Nevada, IA

Tepper and Flynn, and the principles that they so comprehensively elaborate upon in this book, are most responsible for my professional growth as a teacher and leader. These tenets have built my leadership capacity on a myriad of levels: from effectively collecting evidence during a classroom observation to giving effective and actionable feedback to teachers. This text will quickly rise to the top and become a tour de force in the world of educational leadership.

John Mastroianni, K-12 Music Department Chair, Director of Bands; Canton, CT
Canton Public Schools; Canton, CT

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ISBN: 9781544320229
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