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Eight Essentials of Inquiry-Based Science, K-8

Eight Essentials of Inquiry-Based Science, K-8

Edited by:

Foreword by Robert E. Yager

July 2005 | 184 pages | Corwin

Unlock the wonder in each of your students through inquiry-based science!

Are you both fascinated and baffled by inquiry-based science? Do you want to tap the strength of inquiry-based science to help your students build deeper understandings? Do you want to use inquiry-based science to foster high-quality instruction across the educational board? This guide provides clear and simple explanations for engaging students in meaningful and hands-on, minds-on ways of understanding science.

Eight Essentials of Inquiry-Based Science, K-8 breaks each essential into sample lessons that include sample data, discussion questions, and tools such as graphic organizers and analogies. Hammerman draws on more than 20 years experience in the fields of science instruction and professional development to address basic and complex principles related to inquiry, including:

  • How to discuss data, information, models, graphics, and experiences
  • How to interact with one another to strengthen knowledge and skills
  • How to extend learning through guided or open-inquiry investigations and research
  • How to apply new learning and the best research-based practices for improving student achievement

When you harness the immense power of inquiry-based learning, you can fully discover the inquisitive nature of each of your students!

Robert E. Yager
Preface: Improving Student Achievement Through Professional Development
Rationale for Professional Development in Science  
Themes and Threads  
The Goals of Eight Essentials  
Using Eight Essentials of Inquiry-Based Science in Study Groups and Professional Development Initiatives  
An I.D.E.A. Approach  
The Eight Essentials of Inquiry-Based Science  
Introduction: Inquiry-Based Science and the Inquiry Classroom
Defining Inquiry-Based Science  
Inquiry as a Process for Learning  
Teaching Thinking Through Inquiry  
Teaching Scientific Habits of Mind Through Inquiry  
Guiding and Facilitating Learning Through Inquiry  
Implications for the Classroom  
Using Eight Essentials as Criteria for Assessing Curriculum & Informing Instruction  
Traditional vs. Inquiry Classroom Behaviors  
1. Essential #1: Inquiry-Based Science Develops an Understanding of Basic Concepts
Understanding Big Ideas in the Curriculum  
Standards as Concept Categories  
Using Standards to Inform Curriculum and Instruction  
Using Activities to Engage Learners and Promote Inquir  
2. Essential #2: Inquiry-Based Science Develops Process and Thinking Skills
Science Process Skills  
Complex Thinking Skills  
Activities That Develop Skills for Learning and Concept Understanding  
Guided Inquiry Activities for Upper Primary/Intermediate Level: An Introduction to Metric Measurement and the Structure of Seeds  
Student Constructed or Guided Inquiry for Intermediate/Middle School Level: Heating and Cooling Rates of Water and Land  
Guided Inquiry Activity for Intermediate/Middle School Level: Creating Climagraphs  
Using Visual Organizers to Show Connections  
3. Essential #3: Inquiry-Based Science Actively Engages Students in a Learning Cycle
Defining a Learning Cycle  
The Five E's Lesson Plan  
Guided Inquiry Lessons Using a Five E's Format  
Primary Level: The Ear and Hearing  
Intermediate Level: It's All in the Family - A Study of Heredity  
Analysis of It's All in the Family  
Classroom Applications of the Learning Cycle  
4. Essential #4: Inquiry-Based Science Builds a Greater Understanding of the Ways That Science-Technology-Society (STS) are Linked
Goals of S-T-S  
Defining S-T-S  
Technology as Computers and Other AV Equipment  
Technology as Tools for Learning  
Technology as Concept Application  
Technology as Problem-Solving and Inventions  
Technology as Tools for Learning  
Environmental Problems and Issues  
Analysis of a Case Study: Large Numbers of Elk Die in Wyoming  
Technology as a Production System  
Applying Technological Design in the Classroom  
Activities That Engage Students in Problem Solving and Technological Design  
Using Technological Design to Show Concept Understanding: Understanding Adaptation  
Building Technology and Technological Design Into the Curriculum  
5. Essential #5: Inquiry-Based Science Provides Experiences Necessary to Support and Develop or Modify Interpretations of the World
Analyzing Misconceptions Case Study  
Using Discrepant Events in the Classroom  
Mediated Learning Experiences  
Dispositions That Underlie Science  
6. Essential #6: Inquiry-Based Science Enhances Reading and Writing Skills
Integrating Reading  
Analyzing Current Events Through Articles  
Integrating Writing  
Using Science Notebooks  
Designing Science Notebooks  
Using Science Notebooks to Enhance Reading, Writing, Math, and Thinking: Comparing the Strength of Magnets  
Criteria for Scoring Notebooks  
Developing Thinking Skills Through Analysis, Creative Writing, and Analogies  
Analogies in Science  
7. Essential #7: Inquiry-Based Science Allows for a Diversity of Strategies for Learning
Analyzing Learning  
Methods, Strategies, and Best Practices  
The Creative Use of Strategies  
8. Essential #8: Inquiry-Based Science Allows for a Variety of Ways for Students to Show What They Know and Are Able to Do
Fundamentals of Assessment  
Multiple and Varied Assessment  
9. Using Eight Essentials to Enhance Learning
Eight-Point Lessons  
Using the Eight Essentials to Analyze Curriculum Materials  
Strategies for Instruction or Assessment Linked to Multiple Intelligences  

"Eight Essentials of Inquiry -Based Science offers a crisp rationale and approach to the teaching of science that is meaningful, authentic, and exciting for students. Hammerman brings the complexities of science pedagogy and research to life and presents important ideas about teaching and learning in a manner that is easy to digest and apply. This is a timely book for it provides an answer to the many demands placed on teachers and students."

Diann Musial, Distinguished Teaching Professor
College of Education, Northern Illinois University

"A user-friendly resource book full of useful tips for tapping into students' natural inquisitiveness. Includes sample activities, probing discussion questions, and graphic organizer templates for recording data and tracking student assessment."

Professionally Speaking, September 2006
Ontario College of Teachers
Key features
  • Provides clear definition of standards-required inquiry based science
  • Explanations spell out 8 key characteristics of robust inquiry instruction
  • Sample take-into-the-classroom lessons provide teachers entry points for each essential
  • Reflection and discussion questions support teacher study groups and facilitate professional development

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ISBN: 9781412914994
ISBN: 9781412914987

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