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Differentiated Instructional Strategies for Science, Grades K-8

Differentiated Instructional Strategies for Science, Grades K-8

© 2008 | 200 pages | Corwin

"This book addresses a real area of need and contains an abundant set of strategies."
—Susan Koba, Educational Consultant

"This is an excellent sourcebook for science teachers who are looking for strategies to engage diverse learners."
—Phyllis Milne, Associate Director of School Administration
York County School Division, Yorktown, VA

Help all your students "do" science confidently and successfully!

Preparing students to understand and adapt to the rapid pace of scientific and technological changes is an important educational priority. Using proven strategies for differentiating instruction, authors Gayle H. Gregory and Elizabeth Hammerman provide a blueprint for strengthening science instruction and accommodating students' individual learning styles.

This educator-friendly resource is aligned with national science curriculum standards and includes:

  • Grade-appropriate sample lessons and strategies for inquiry-based, problem-based, and cooperative learning
  • Guidelines for creating performance tasks that have real-world applications
  • Methods for using data-based assessment before, during, and after learning
  • A collection of templates, planners, checklists, and graphic organizers
  • A CD-ROM with reproducibles for classroom instruction

Rich in content and tools, Differential Instructional Strategies for Science, Grades K–8 is the perfect resource to help elementary and middle school students become more creative and engaged thinkers and inquirers.

About the Authors
Differentiated Instruction  
Teaching Matters  
Clarifying Instructional Goals  
Differentiated Instruction in Action  
Part I. Effective Science Education
1. Creating a Climate for Differentiated Instruction
A Climate for Learning  
A Safe and Enriched Environment  
Internet Resources Related to Health and Safety  
Natural Learning Systems  
Emotional Learning System  
Social Learning System  
Physical Learning System  
Cognitive Learning System  
Reflective Learning System  
Learning Systems With Links to National Standards  
A Planning Guide for Differentiated Instruction  
Phases of the Planning Guide  
2. Scientific and Technological Literacy for the Twenty-First Century
Scientific Literacy  
Science Education Standards  
Unifying Concepts and Processes  
Process and Thinking Skills in K-8 Science  
Dispositions That Underlie Science  
Dimensions of Learning  
Technological Literacy  
Views of Technology  
Integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)  
3. Knowing the Learner
Multicultural Education  
Multicultural Education in Science  
Gender Equity  
Gender Equity in Science  
Learning Modalities  
Learning and Thinking Styles  
Kolb's Learning Styles  
McCarthy's 4MAT System  
Gregorc's Thinking Styles  
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences  
Eight Intelligences Linked to Science  
Sternberg's View of Intelligence  
Learning Activities Linked to Intelligences  
Strategies for PreAssessment  
Assessing Prior Knowledge  
Addressing Misconceptions  
Pretest of Concepts  
Pretest of Skills  
Part II. Designing Differentiated Instruction
4. Methods and Effective Practices for Increasing Student Achievement
Methods for Teaching and Learning Science  
The Roles of Teachers and Student in Methods  
Research-Based Effective Practices  
Strategies Linked to Brain Research and Classroom Practices  
Science Notebooks as Tools for Learning  
Lab Reports  
Cooperative Learning  
Adjustable Assignments  
Curriculum Compacting  
5. Strategies for Activating and Engaging
Strategies for Engagement  
K-W-L Charts  
Discrepant Events  
School Site Investigations  
Informal Learning Environments  
Video Clips  
Guest Speakers  
Literature in Science  
Case Studies  
6. Strategies for Acquiring and Exploring
Inquiry Defined  
Traditional Versus Inquiry-Based Classrooms  
Factors That Support Inquiry and Differentiated Instruction in Science  
Environments That Support Inquiry-Based Teaching and Learning  
Classroom Features  
Equipment and Supplies  
Management Strategies  
Problem-Based Learning  
Examples of PBL Topics  
Booklets, Posters, and Brochures  
Projects at the Primary, Intermediate, and Middle Grade Levels  
Science Fair Projects  
Product Testing and Survey Research  
Science and Technological Design  
Examples of Stations at the Primary Grade Level  
Example of Stations at the Intermediate Grade Level  
Example of Stations at the Middle Grade Level  
Structured Centers  
Exploratory Centers  
Relearning Centers  
Assessment for Stations and Centers  
Choice Boards  
Choice Boards for a Primary Level Study of Animals  
Contract for Rocks and Minerals  
Choice Board for Activities  
Computer-Based Technologies as Tools for Learning  
7. Strategies for Explaining, Applying, and Creating Meaning
Group Discussion  
Questions for Thinking and Problem Solving  
Discussion Starters  
Nonlinguistic Representations for K-8 Science  
Data Tables and Graphs  
Creating Graphs  
Bar Graphs  
Line Graphs  
Circle Graphs  
Six Types of Graphic Organizers  
Four-Corner Organizer  
8. Strategies for Elaborating and Extending Learning
Beyond the Basics  
Games That Enhance Learning  
Cubing With Questions About the Moon  
Analogies and Similes  
Similes for a Middle Grade Unit on Cells  
9. Strategies for Assessing and Evaluating Learning
Assessment and Evaluation  
Assessment Strategies in the Science Classroom  
Performance Tasks for Learning and Assessment  
Creating Rubrics for Teacher Assessment and Self-Assessment  
Holistic Rubrics  
Generalized Rubrics  
Analytic Rubrics  
Planning Differentiated Instruction: The Key to Success  
Considerations, Resources, and Strategies for Differentiating Instruction in Science  

"Teachers will find techniques to apply in the classroom immediately. The examples are user friendly and easy to understand. There is little doubt that using these strategies will enhance any science classroom."

Jennifer Linrud Sinsel, Fifth-Grade Science Teacher
Wichita Collegiate School, KS

"This book addresses a real area of need and contains an abundant set of strategies."

Susan Koba, Educational Consultant

"This is an excellent sourcebook for science teachers who are looking for strategies to engage diverse learners. The reader can look for a specific topic and find not only support for the strategies but also specific examples of the teaching tools. The charts, strategies, graphics, and rubrics are reader-friendly!"

Phyllis Milne, Associate Director of School Administration
York County School Division, Yorktown, VA

"The book contains a lot of information about national science standards and multiple learning styles, plus good sample units in science and good suggestions for Web sites. The authors are great science teachers who believe wholly in engaging students in the wonder of the natural world."

Marcia LeCompte, Intermediate/MultiageTeacher
Klondike Elementary School, West Lafayette, IN

"The book provides very useful information for implementing differentiated instruction. Its research base plus concrete and useable examples mixes the theory with the practical. Teachers will find this book valuable."

Mandy Frantti, Science Teacher
Munising High School, MI

“An impressively comprehensive collection of student-centered, research-based classroom practices in one slim, well-organized volume. This book would be a valuable resource to teachers in any setting. Preservice teachers are likely to keep it long after the class has ended to revisit management topics such as organizing a science notebook and creating cooperative groups, as well as to use or adapt the science-interest inventory and organizers for explaining and creating meaning. Districts will benefit from the book’s focus on process skills and pedagogy as well as the integration of 21st-century literacy standards with the science content standards. Science specialists, gifted and talented resource teachers, and special educators will all appreciate the book’s approach to high expectations for students, thinking and problem solving, and authentic assessment. The book would also be an excellent book study as part of the development of professional learning communities.”

Teacher Education Materials (TE-MAT) Project
Key features
  • Prepares learners to adapt and adjust to the accelerating pace of change in science and technology
  • Aligned with national curriculum standards for science knowledge and skills
  • Includes a generous collection of templates, planners, checklists, rubrics, and graphic organizers
  • Features sample lessons for grades K–8
  • Provides instructional and assessment strategies for emerging learners, developing learners, and fluent learners at all stages of development
  • By the author of Corwin's best-selling Differentiated Instructional Strategies: One Size Doesn't Fit All
  • Includes a CD-ROM with reproducibles for classroom instruction