Curriculum Alignment
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Curriculum Alignment
Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement

  • David A. Squires - Southern Connecticut State University, ABC Education Consultants LLC, Branford, CT


© 2009 | 232 pages | Corwin

"One of the few books that takes a holistic look at alignment and helps clarify the definition of alignment. Squires helped increase my knowledge as an instructional leader and showed me that alignment can be a valuable tool when used with real intent. The book engaged me in authentic reflection on my professional practice."
—Margarete Couture, Principal
South Seneca Central School District, NY

Use the power of alignment to strengthen curriculum and raise student achievement!

Aligning what is taught, written, and tested can be a powerful, systemic way of improving school performance. This guidebook, written by a long-time educator and proponent of curriculum alignment, demonstrates how to apply specific principles and recommendations to improve curriculum, instruction, and test scores.

This resource offers school and district administrators and curriculum specialists concrete, practical guidance for aligning curriculum and instruction with state standards and assessments to improve teaching and learning. The author offers research-based strategies that reinforce the importance of curriculum alignment and shows how districts can:

  • Use alignment as a major curriculum design element
  • Translate research into usable strategies to achieve measurable results
  • Expand options for raising test results and student outcomes
  • Connect school policy with continuous school improvement
  • Meet the requirements of No Child Left Behind

Comprehensive, thoughtful, and realistic, Curriculum Alignment offers a wide range of approaches to appeal to educators at every level.

 
Preface
 
List of Figures and Tables
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
Part I. Alignment and Instruction, Textbooks, and Standardized Tests
 
1. Introduction to Curriculum Alignment
What is Alignment?  
Alignment Problems  
The Alignment Matrix  
 
2. Alignment and Instruction
Introduction  
The "Reform Up Close" Study and Alignment Dimensions  
Instructional Alignment and Professional Development  
Three Smaller Studies of Instructional Alignment  
What Districts Can Do  
 
3. Alignment and Textbooks
Introduction  
Textbook to Test Alignment  
Summary of Findings for Studies of Textbook to Test Alignment  
Quality of Textbook Instruction  
Modifying the Use of Textbooks to Improve Alignment  
Summary of Findings for Textbook Alignment  
What Districts Can Do  
 
4. Alignment and Standardized Tests
Introduction  
Marzano's Standards Compilation  
The Webb Studies:Aligning State Standards, Assessments, and Policies  
Webb's WAT Web Site  
The Browder Study: Alignment in Special Education  
Vertical Alignment  
Science Inquiry and Alignment to Three Large-Scale Assessments  
The Bowe and Kingsbury Study  
The National Center for Educational Statistics Study (2007): Cut Scores for State Tests and the NAEP  
Backloanding the Curriculum  
Summary of Findings for Studies of Alignment of State Tests  
What Districts Can Do  
 
Part II. Alignment and Mastery Learning, Project 2061, and TIMSS
 
5. Alignment, Reteaching, and Mastery Learning
A Personal Ntoe  
Introduction  
Bloom's Theory of School Learning  
Cohen: Instructional Alignment  
The Wishnick Study  
Summary of Findings for Studies of Mastery Learning  
What Districts Can Do  
 
6. Ideas From Project 2061 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Introduction  
Project 2061  
Summary of Findings for Project 2061  
What Districts Can Do  
 
7. Alignment and the TIMSS Analysis
Introduction  
The TIMSS Methodology  
Curriculum and Student Acheivement  
What Districts Can Do  
 
Part III. The Aligned Curriculum
 
8. Criteria for a Useful and Useable Curriculum Incorporating Alignment
Introduction  
The Many Meaning of Curriculum  
The Common Definition of Curriculum  
Our Definition of Curriculum  
Criteria for a Useful and Useable Curriculum  
 
9. Addressing Alignment Through a Curriculum Design: The Balanced Curriculum Model
Introduction  
Results from School Districts  
The Balanced Curriculum Model  
Is the Balanced Curriculum Useful and Useable?  
What Districts Can Do- A Conclusion  
 
10. How the Balanced Curriculum Meets This Book's Recommendations for Districts
 
11. Summary of Alignment Research and Recommendations
Introduction  
Summary of the Book  
Summary of the Book's Chapters  
The Reasearch Posted on the Alignment Matrix  
Major Findings From the Alignment Research  
 
Resource A: 10 Criteria for Structuring a Useful and Useable Curriculum
 
References
 
Index

"One of the few books that takes a holistic look at alignment and helps clarify the definition of alignment. Squires helped increase my knowledge as an instructional leader and showed me that alignment can be a valuable tool when used with real intent. The book engaged me in authentic reflection on my professional practice."

Margarete Couture, Principal
South Seneca Central School District, NY

"The author provides readers with much food for thought, resources to delve more deeply into specific ideas, and benefits and challenges to weigh when making curricular and alignment decisions. Readers are urged to seriously consider how they define curriculum and are offered an alternative definition that, when acted upon, may play a critical role in increasing student learning."

Judith A. Rogers, Professional Learning Specialist
Tucson Unified School District, AZ
Key features
• Defines curriculum alignment and shows how it can be used in mastery learning, for textbooks, and in relation to standards, standardized tests, and instruction
• Summarizes the critical research and related findings (in each chapter)
• Provides specific ideas and strategies for aligning curriculum based on the research (in each chapter)
• Offers an example of a systemic and data-driven approach to curriculum alignment using the Balanced Curriculum model

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ISBN: 9781412960076

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