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Bullying and Students With Disabilities
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Bullying and Students With Disabilities
Strategies and Techniques to Create a Safe Learning Environment for All



October 2013 | 152 pages | Corwin

Does your bullying policy protect all students?

A 2007 study uncovered a shocking fact: 80% of children with learning disabilities are bullied at school. As schools implement bullying policies, are they doing enough to address the unique needs of this 80%? 

Drawing on extensive studies on bullying in schools, Barry McNamara provides a research-based overview to understand bullying. Additionally, this book shows how to identify bullies and victims and implement an effective and inclusive bullying prevention program.
Readers will discover:

  • What research says about bullying against students with disabilities
  • How programs typically fail to serve this population
  • A roadmap for an inclusive schoolwide program
  • Special intervention and coping strategies

Start down the road to create an inclusive and tolerant school climate where every student feels safe and valued.

“It has long been known that students with disabilities are targets for bullying or exhibiting bullying behavior. This book provides information on how teachers, paraprofessionals and parents can address bullying with students with disabilities within the schoolwide program to meet the individual needs of the child and create a safer school environment.”
— Barbara Hayhurst, Special Education Teacher
Lakevue Elementary, Nampa, ID

“Bullying of students with disabilities is often unaddressed in many schools. This book shines a light on a problem that often goes unnoticed and provides sound advice and guidance to all school-based staff.”
—Mary Reeve, Educational Administrator
Gallup McKinley County Schools, NM


 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Author
 
1. What is Bullying?
What is Bullying?  
Who are the Bullies?  
Who are the Victims?  
Schools and Bullying  
What Causes Bullying?  
What About the Rest of the Students?  
Gender Differences  
Prevalence  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
2. Why Are Students With Disabilities Targeted?
Introduction  
The Nature of Disabilities  
Classification of Students With Disabilities  
Non-Categorical Approach  
Classroom Placements  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
3. How to Identify Bullies and Their Victims
How to Identify Bullies  
How to Identify Victims  
Types of Victims  
Early Identification  
Assessing the Problem  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
4. Creating a Schoolwide Program
Components of an Effective Program to Reduce Bullying  
Evidenced-Based Programs  
Including all Students in a Schoolwide Program  
Needs Assessment  
Differentiate Content and Delivery  
Vary the Method of Presentation  
Use a Variety of Reading Material  
Vary the Level of Difficulty  
Teach Attending Skills  
Teach Memory Skills  
Managing the Collaborative Classroom  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
5. What Every Teacher Must Do
Know Your District’s Policy  
Modify the Schoolwide Program  
Provide Instruction for Dealing With Bullies  
Create a Kind and Caring Classroom  
Provide Resources for Your Students  
Collaborate With Families and the Community  
Address Cyberbullying  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
6. What Every Paraprofessional Should Know
Roles and Responsibilities  
How to Intervene  
Paraprofessional Handbook  
Roles and Responsibilities in Bullying Prevention/Intervention  
Confidentiality  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
7. What Every Parent Should Know
Signs Your Child Might be a Victim  
What Should You Do?  
What To Do if Your Child is a Bully  
Be a Good Role Model  
Provide Social Skills Training  
How to Deal With Cyberbullying  
Use Your Child’s IEP  
Use Section 504v of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973  
Best Practices for Parents  
When to Seek Professional Help  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
8. Teacher Supports And Techniques
Utilize the Existing PBS  
Utilize a Collaborative Teaching Model  
Create an Empathetic Classroom  
Differentiate Instruction  
Include Social Skills and Bully Prevention Into the Curriculum  
Summary  
Test Yourself  
 
References
 
Index

“It has long been known that students with disabilities are targets for bullying or exhibiting bullying behavior; this book provides information on how teachers, paraprofessionals and parents can address bullying with students with disabilities within the school wide program to meet the individual needs of the child and create a safer school environment.”

Barbara Hayhurst, Special Education Teacher
Lakevue Elementary, Nampa, ID

"This book is a must have for all schools. Bullying of students with disabilities is often unaddressed in many schools. This book provides sound advice and guidance to all school-based staff. It shines a light on a problem that often goes unnoticed."

Mary Reeve, Educational Administrator
Gallup McKinley County Schools, NM

"Dr. McNamara provides an excellent reference for teachers, administrators and parents regarding bullying in schools. His thoughtful discussion of the implications for students with disabilities offers significant insights into how and why a youngster's disability may make them a target for bullying as provocative victims. Educators and parents alike will benefit from the subtle yet important distinction between a provocative victim and their bully."

Patrick Harrigan, Deputy Superintendent
Half Hollow Hills Central School District, Dix Hills, NY

"McNamara addresses classroom and playground teasing, taunting and physical aggression aimed at atypical students. 'There is a very limited but emerging body of research that suggests that students with disabilities are more likely to be victims than their general education peers,' McNamara writes. 'Why are students with disabilities more likely to be targeted? The most obvious reason is their vulnerability.'

The book goes on to suggest how to create a schoolwide bullying prevention program, detail what every teacher should do and outline intervention and coping strategies."

Beth Whitehouse, Writer
Newsday
Key features
  • Provides an overview of the research on bullying in schools and explains the key concepts of bullies, victims, and bystanders
  • Discusses the research regarding the incidence of bullying against students with disabilities
  • Explores the basics of typical schoolwide bullying prevention programs and demonstrates how these programs typically fail to serve as a helpful resource for students with disabilities
  • Presents a roadmap for implementation of a truly inclusive schoolwide program that serves the needs of all students
  • Includes examples of ways to modify the content and language of typical bullying prevention programs and use differentiated instructional strategies to create a prevention program that reaches all students
  • Provides teachers with guidance on specific intervention strategies and includes templates and checklists for program implementation and follow up
  • Describes the roles and responsibilities of paraprofessionals as they relate to bullying
  • Explains methods and techniques for teaching specific coping strategies to students who are victims of bullying

Sample Materials & Chapters

Table of Contents

1. What is Bullying?


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ISBN: 9781452283180
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