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How to Grade for Learning - Book Cover

How to Grade for Learning

Linking Grades to Standards
Fourth Edition
By: Ken O'Connor

Forewords by Garnet Hillman and Rick Stiggins

Implement lasting standards-based grading practices using eight guidelines for good grading, practical applications, and real life-tested tips from 48 nationally and internationally known authors and consultants.

Full description

How to Grade for Learning - Book Cover
Product Details
  • Grade Level: PreK-12
  • ISBN: 9781506334158
  • Published By: Corwin
  • Year: 2017
  • Page Count: 392
  • Publication date: October 04, 2017

Price: $43.95

Price: $43.95
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Implement standards-based grading practices that help students succeed!

Classroom assessment and grading should help students grow and develop to their full potential, but meshing traditional grading practices with students’ achievement on standards has been difficult and daunting. Making real and lasting changes to grading practices requires both knowledge and willpower.

This 4th edition of the best-selling How to Grade for Learning provides eight guidelines for good grading, offers recommendations for practical applications, and gives solid suggestions for implementing more effective grading practices. Ken O’Connor presents the latest research on motivation, mindset, learning styles, and beliefs about fairness to inform this new edition, which includes:

  • Both the why’s and the how-to’s of implementing standards-based grading practices
  • 48 educator contributions from nationally and internationally known educators, authors, and consultants that provide ideas and testimonials for effective assessment practices
  • Sections on hot-button issues such as academic dishonesty, extra credit, bonus points and homework
  • Additional information on utilizing levels of proficiency and eliminating the use of percentages and averaging
  • Reflective exercises and numerous tools, including rubrics, sample letters, and case studies
  • Techniques for managing grading more efficiently

An invaluable resource for helping teachers assign grades that are accurate, consistent, meaningful, and supportive of learning, this book also makes an ideal staff development resource.

Key features

  • Provides clear guidelines for creating good grades
  • Defines the purpose of each guideline
  • Illustrates with examples
  • Discusses and analyzes key elements
  • Supplies overviews of various grading programs and calculation strategies
  • Author(s)


    Ken O'Connor photo

    Ken O'Connor

    Ken O’Connor is an independent classroom assessment consultant with a special interest in grading and reporting. An internationally recognized speaker who has presented in 47 states in the United States, 9 provinces and one territory in Canada, and 24 other countries, he has also consulted for schools, districts, and state and provincial departments of education. He had 23 years of classroom experience from grade 7 to grade 12, and 10 years of experience as a curriculum coordinator for a large school district. Ken was born in Melbourne, Australia, but has lived most of his life in the east end of Toronto, Canada.

    His major extra-curricular interest is field hockey, as a player, umpire and coach. As a coach, three of his players went on to represent Canada in the Olympics. He also umpired at the 1984 Olympic Games and the 1990 World Cup.

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents

    Foreword by Rick Stiggins



    About the Author


    Chapter 1: Basing Grades on Standards

    Chapter 2: Using Performance Standards

    Chapter 3: Grading Individual Achievement

    Chapter 4: Sampling Student Performance

    Chapter 5: Emphasizing More Recent Evidence

    Chapter 6: Determining Grades

    Chapter 7: Quality Assessment and Keeping Records

    Chapter 8: Involving Students in Grading and Assessment

    Chapter 9: Grading Issues

    Chapter 10: Communicating Student Achievement

    Chapter 11: Implementing Changes in Grading and Reporting

    Chapter 12: The Way Ahead

    Appendix A: A Testimonial on the Impact of Assessment and Grading for Learning

    Appendix B: Guidelines for Grading in Standards-Based Systems

    Appendix C: A Proposed Grading Policy

    Appendix D: Bay District Schools Assessment Principles and Practices

    Appendix E: NGSS Performance Expectations for a High School Chemistry Course

    Appendix F: Ontario Achievement Chart for Canadian and World Studies

    Appendix G: Letter to Parents About Student-Led Conferencing

    Appendix H: Rubric for Sound Grading Practice

    Appendix I: Glossary


    Additional Resources


    Price: $43.95
    Volume Discounts applied in Shopping Cart

    For Instructors

    Request Review Copy

    When you select 'request review copy', you will be redirected to Sage Publishing (our parent site) to process your request.

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