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How RTI Works in Secondary Schools

By: Evelyn S. Johnson, Lori Smith, Monica L. Harris

Foreword by Daryl F. Mellard

Featuring real-world examples and instructional strategies for Grades 6–12, this research-based book provides the guidance secondary administrators need to implement RTI and improve student outcomes.

Full description

Product Details
  • Grade Level: PreK-12
  • ISBN: 9781412971003
  • Published By: Corwin
  • Year: 2009
  • Page Count: 168
  • Publication date: July 03, 2012

Price: $39.95

Price: $39.95
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"This book not only provides a solid foundation for guiding school improvement, but also details an array of very practical tools that can be used to implement tiered instructional options in middle and high school settings."
—Donald D. Deshler, Williamson Family Distinguished Professor of Special Education
Director, Center for Research on Learning
University of Kansas

"From research-based screenings to evidence-based interventions, the authors address the challenges specific to secondary schools and provide concise, realistic options."
—Nicole Power, RTI Coordinator and Speech Language Pathologist
Bethany Public Schools, OK

Practical solutions for implementing RTI and improving student outcomes in Grades 6–12!

Implementing Response to Intervention (RTI) in Grades 6–12 offers many unique challenges, but this comprehensive, research-based book provides secondary school administrators with the information, resources, and guidance necessary to use RTI for the benefit of struggling adolescent learners.

Drawing on the latest research, the authors identify the current best practices for key components of RTI and demonstrate how school teams can work together to implement an assessment- and data-driven decision-making process for educators. Describing how all these elements can work together under the RTI framework, this book provides:

  • Specific guidance on building leadership capacity to make RTI implementation a success
  • Case studies that illustrate real middle and high school RTI models
  • Instructional strategies for tiers one, two, and three
  • Forms, checklists, and lists of Web and print resources

With this valuable resource, secondary school leaders can avoid potential missteps when implementing RTI and make dramatic improvements in outcomes for adolescent learners!

Key features

This book brings together elements of best practice from numerous areas and describes how they can work together under the RTI framework. Inside you will find:

  • Specific examples from both junior high and high schools to illustrate general principles
  • Forms
  • Checklists
  • Lists of Web and print resources specific to each area


Evelyn S. Johnson photo

Evelyn S. Johnson

Evelyn S. Johnson is an associate professor of special education at Boise State University and the coauthor of RTI: A Practitioner’s Guide to Implementing Response to Intervention. She began her career in Washington in 1994 as a special education teacher, and then at the University of Washington, Seattle, where her research focused on the inclusion of students with disabilities in accountability systems. Johnson’s work on assessment for students with disabilities has included research on accommodations and alternate assessments, as well as research on screening for reading problems. Prior to joining the faculty at BSU, she worked as a research associate for the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities (NRCLD), where she developed numerous technical assistance products to assist state and local educational agencies on RTI and learning disability identification–related issues. Currently, her research focuses on RTI implementation at the secondary levels.
Lori Smith photo

Lori Smith

Lori Smith is principal at Cheyenne Mountain Junior High in Colorado Springs, Colorado. She has served in public education for 15 years, 9 of which have been in school administration. She began her career as a high school biology and chemistry teacher in 1994 in Colorado. Her work and systematic implementation of RTI at Cheyenne Mountain has led to several state-level presentations, publications, and consultations on RTI implementation. Smith’s commitment to action research on RTI at the secondary level was inspired by the support of Evelyn Johnson as Smith completes her doctoral degree in education leadership and administration.
Monica L. Harris photo

Monica L. Harris

Monica L. Harris is an assistant professor at Grand Valley State University in the College of Education. She began her career in education at the secondary level and has experience teaching adolescents in general and special education settings as well as developing and implementing programs for students who struggle academically or are at risk of school failure. Prior to joining the faculty at GVSU, she received her doctoral degree in special education from the University of Kansas, where her research focused on strategy instruction and adolescent literacy. Harris is part of the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM) Professional Developer’s Network and works with school districts to implement tiered intervention using research-based instructional strategies. Currently, her research interests include developing instructional strategies for use in academically diverse classrooms, teacher preparation, and collaborative teaching models.
Table of Contents

Table of Contents



About the Authors

1. What Is RTI?

Purpose of RTI at the Secondary Level

How RTI Works

How RTI Fits With Other Education Initiatives

Purpose of This Book

How This Book is Organized


2. Implementation and Continuous Improvement


What are the Desired Outcomes?

How is RTI Expected to Lead to These Outcomes?

What Must Happen If RTI is to Work as Expected?

What Data Can be Used to Inform Implementation Efforts?

How Do We Develop a System for Analyzing and Evaluating Data?

What Systems are Needed for continuous Improvement of the RTI Process?


3. Leadership Perspectives on RTI


What is My Role as Building Leader to Implement RTI?

How Do I Start the Process of Implementation?

What Will the Professional Development Needs Be?

RTI Focuses on Academics: What About Behavior?

What if We Identify too Many Kids in Need of Intervention?

What Resources Will I Need to Provide?

What If I Don't Get Things Right the First Time?

RTI Implementation in Practice


4. Universal Screening

Definition: What is Universal Screening?

Why is Accuracy Important?

Purpose of Screening at the Secondary Level

What Data Should Be Collected?


Leader Tasks

Universal Screening in Practice


5. Tier 1 Instruction

Definition: What is Tier 1 Instruction?

Purpose of Tier 1 at the Secondary Level


Tier 1 in Practice: Cheyenne Mountain Junior High School

Leader Tasks


6. Tier 2 and 3 Intervention

Definition: What is Tier 2 and Tier 3 Intervention?

Purpose of Tiers 2 and 3 at the Secondary Level


Tier 2 in Practice: Mattawan High School

Tier 3 Implementation

Leader Tasks


7. Progress Monitoring

Definition: What is Progress Monitoring?

Purpose of Progress Monitoring at the Secondary Level


Leader Tasks


8. Conclusion

How is RTI Expected to Lead to Improved Student Learning?

What is the Role of Leadership for Ensuring Successful RTI Implementation?

Why We are Optimistic About the Future of RTI: Two Case Stories


Appendix: RTI Implementation Checklist






Price: $39.95
Volume Discounts applied in Shopping Cart

For Instructors

Request Review Copy

When you select 'request review copy', you will be redirected to Sage Publishing (our parent site) to process your request.