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Updated Edition of Bestseller

Cultural Proficiency
A Manual for School Leaders

Fourth Edition


August 2018 | 360 pages | Corwin

Our students’ futures depend upon it: If we’re to guarantee equitable access and improved academic outcomes for our historically underserved students, then we must first confront the deeply rooted biases and practices that for far too long have limited them. That’s where Cultural Proficiency: A Manual for School Leaders has already benefited tens of thousands of schools leaders--and the students, teachers, and communities they serve.  

Cultural Proficiency helps us all establish a mindset and worldview for effectively describing and responding to inequities. Its inside-outside approach to leadership is grounded in the assumption that honest introspection is a requirement to leading equity-driven change. And now, with updated content, new case studies, expanded vignettes, new activities and study guides, and an updated matrix, this fourth edition is more urgently needed than ever.  

What leaders love most is the way Cultural Proficiency lays the groundwork for powerful organizational growth with resources to: 

  • Engage colleagues in collaborative dialogue about creating powerful teaching and learning environments
  • Recognize and respond to both individual and group differences to break down barriers
  • Use the Cultural Proficiency Continuum to assess the limitations of school practices and identify opportunities to shift the culture 

Take this first step on the Cultural Proficiency journey and soon enough you, too, can create equitable educational opportunities and more inclusive environments in which differences are embraced. 


“This book is a riveting and unparalleled resource for all educational merchants of hope. . . . The insights, learning strategies, and professional development structures in this edition illuminate a path for all leaders to successfully commit to the journey of being equity champions!”

--Dr. Erick E. Witherspoon, National Director of Equity Professional Development Services
Generation Ready 


“There is no greater honor than to have one’s professional work become the inspiration for a new way of thinking, and transformative literature and action that change the world for schools and the children and youth they serve. I am grateful that the ideas have been so skillfully brought to scale by these authors.”
--Dr. Terry L. Cross, MSW, Founder and Senior Advisor
National Indian Child Welfare Association 

 
Preface to the Fourth Edition
 
Foreword to the Third Edition
 
Foreword to the Second Edition
 
Foreword to the First Edition
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
PART I. UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL PROFICIENCY
 
1. Cultural Proficiency
Cultural Proficiency: An Inside-Out Approach to Difference  
The Four Tools  
A Historical Context  
Why Would I or My School Want to Engage?  
Learning and Educating Effectively  
Living in a Global Community  
Participating in the Community  
Culturally Proficient Leadership: Diversity “Is”  
Resources for Developing Culturally Proficient Leaders  
Read the Text First  
Cultural Proficiency Books’ Essential Questions  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
2. A Cultural and Historical Context for Our Unfolding Democracy
An Inside-Out Approach  
What It Takes  
Culture Is . . .  
What Happened to Race?  
The Legacy of Segregation and Exclusion  
A History of Caste in the United States  
Labels for Historically Oppressed People  
From Segregation to Cultural Proficiency  
Culture and History Provide Perspective  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
3. Leadership for Today’s Schools
Our Journey With Culturally Proficient Leaders  
Culturally Proficient Leadership: Exploring Deeply Held Values for Equity  
Shared Vision  
Long-Term, Systemic Change: Finding Leverage Points for Acti  
Limitations of Local School Change Initiatives  
Inside-Out Approach to Change: Why Leaders Ask Why?  
Cultural Proficiency as a Frame for Change  
Reflection  
Culturally Proficient Leadership Is Transformative  
Continuum as a Guide: Creating Initial Awareness Is Cultural Precompetence  
Tools for Change  
Formal and Nonformal Leaders  
Reflection  
Culturally Proficient Leaders Focus on Inequities  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
4. Framing Your Work With the Tools of Cultural Proficiency
The Important First Step: Inside-Out Change  
Cultural Proficiency Conceptual Framework  
The Four Tools of Cultural Proficiency  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
PART II. USING THE TOOLS OF CULTURAL PROFICIENCY
 
5. The Tool: Overcoming Barriers
Barriers to Cultural Proficiency  
This Chapter Is for Everyone  
Caveat: Systemic Oppression  
Caveat: Privilege and Entitlement  
Caveat: Unawareness of the Need to Adapt  
Changing Educational Practices  
Culturally Proficient Educators  
Overcoming Resistance  
Very Good News  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
6. The Tool: The Guiding Principles of Cultural Proficiency
Cultural Proficiency as an Expression of Values  
Principle: Culture Is Ever Present  
Principle: People Are Served in Varying Degrees by the Dominant Culture  
Principle: People Have Group Identities and Personal Identities  
Principle: Diversity Within Cultures Is Important  
Principle: Each Group Has Unique Cultural Needs That Must Be Respected  
Principle: The Family, as Defined by Each Culture, Is the Primary System of Support in the Education of Children  
Principle: People Who Are Not a Part of the Dominant Culture Have to Be at Least Bicultural  
Principle: Inherent in Cross-Cultural Interactions Are Social and Communication Dynamics That Must Be Acknowledged, Adjusted to, and Accepted  
Principle: The School System Must Incorporate Cultural Knowledge Into Practice and Policymaking  
Make It Count  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
7. The Tool: The Cultural Proficiency Continuum
Macro- and Microaggressions  
The Continuum  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
8. The Tool: The Essential Elements
The Essential Elements of Cultural Proficiency  
Finding Leverage for School Leadership  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
PART III. MAKING THE COMMITMENT TO CULTURAL PROFICIENCY
 
9. Commit to Action
So Where Do You Start?  
You Are Here  
Action Through Transformative Collaborative Inquiry  
Design the Inquiry  
Going Deeper: Reflection  
Going Deeper: Dialogic Questions  
 
10. A Note to Those Preparing School Leaders
Preamble  
Introduction  
Historical Overview  
Legacy in Part  
Transformative Leadership Is Inclusive Leadership  
Systemic Leadership and Tools of Cultural Proficiency  
Achievement Gaps, Disproportionality, and Our Preparation Programs  
Call to Action  
References  
 
Resources
 
Introduction to Learning Strategies
Do Your Own Work  
Believe It  
Be Able to Work Without the Script  
Set the Tone  
Take Time to Process  
Use Small Groups  
Work in Teams  
Develop Your Own Style  
Be Prepared for Trouble  
Have Fun  
 
Resource A: Understanding Diversity
Learning Strategy 1: Telling Your Stories  
Learning Strategy 2: Diversity in Your Life  
Learning Strategy 3: Stand Up  
Learning Strategy 4: Line Up  
 
Resource B: Getting to Know Myself
Learning Strategy 1: Journaling  
Learning Strategy 2: Diversity Lifeline  
Learning Strategy 3: Name Five Things  
Learning Strategy 4: Who Are You?  
Learning Strategy 5: Who Am I?  
Learning Strategy 6: Cultural Portrait  
Learning Strategy 7: Identities  
Learning Strategy 8: Group Stereotypes  
Learning Strategy 9: The Process of Personal Change  
Learning Strategy 10: Seven Dynamics of Change  
Learning Strategy 11: Paradigms  
Learning Strategy 12: Strength Bombardment  
 
Resource C: Getting to Know Your Colleagues and Your Organization
Learning Strategy 1: Introductory Grid  
Learning Strategy 2: Cultural Perceptions  
Learning Strategy 3: What’s in a Name?  
Learning Strategy 4: Totems or Crests  
Learning Strategy 5: Family Portrait  
Learning Strategy 6: Group Stereotypes  
Learning Strategy 7: Circle of History  
Learning Strategy 8: Storytelling  
Learning Strategy 9: Voices That Resonate  
Learning Strategy 10: Needs Assessment  
 
Resource D: Understanding Power and Privilege
Learning Strategy 1: Barriers to Cultural Proficiency  
Learning Strategy 2: Describe a Culturally Incompetent Organization  
Learning Strategy 3: A Survey of Privilege and Entitlement  
Learning Strategy 4: Listening and Hearing  
Learning Strategy 5: Seven-Minute Day  
 
Resource E: Going Deeper With the Principles
Learning Strategy 1: Guiding Principles Discussion Starters  
Learning Strategy 2: Family Values  
Learning Strategy 3: My Work Values  
Learning Strategy 4: Examining Your Organizational Values  
 
Resource F: Going Deeper With the Continuum
Learning Strategy 1: Cultural Proficiency Continuum  
Learning Strategy 2: Exploring Behaviors Along the Continuum  
 
Resource G: Going Deeper With the Essential Elements
Learning Strategy 1: Using the Essential Elements  
Learning Strategy 2: Essential Elements of Culturally Proficient Leaders  
Learning Strategy 3: Cultural Competence Self-Assessment  
 
Resource H: Book Study Guide
 
Resource I: Cultural Proficiency Books’ Essential Questions
 
Suggested Foundational Readings
 
References
 
Index

"The 4th edition of Cultural Proficiency: A Manual for School Leaders provides a structure for educators to reflect on their leadership, the students, faculty, and community they serve, and to consider whether their practices create a school environment where all students achieve and each stakeholder feels valued. With updated ideas, learning strategies, and case studies, Randall, Kikanza, Raymond, and Delores masterfully guide readers in the process of self-reflection and the necessity for school leaders to be culturally proficient leaders. This manual is a must read for all leaders in education!"

Toby W. Heusser, Equity Teacher Specialist, and Eric Louérs Phillips, Supervisor Accelerating Achievement & Equity
Frederick County Public Schools

"This book is a riveting and unparalleled resource for all educational merchants of hope.  Cultural proficiency is the conduit of fortified relationships built to garner the greatest awareness of our individual and collective differences and similarities.  The insights, learning strategies, and professional development structures in this edition illuminate a path for all leaders to successfully commit to the journey of being equity champions!"

Dr. Erick E. Witherspoon, National Director of Equity Professional Development Services
Generation Ready

"There is no greater honor than to have one’s professional work become the inspiration for a new way of thinking and transformative literature and action that changes the world for schools and the children and youth they serve. I am grateful that the ideas first presented in 1989 have been so skillfully brought to scale by the authors of Cultural Proficiency: A Manual for School Leaders, 4th Edition."

Dr. Terry L. Cross, MSW, Founder and Senior Advisor
National Indian Child Welfare Association

"One of the most relevant books that provide not only the foundation for culturally proficient leadership but also, the tools and resources to assist our educational leadership candidates on an inside-out reflective journey. The case stories, provide appropriate learning context for dialogue on confronting individual and institutional biases and assumptions, analysis for diversity and inclusion, and action planning for altering educational policies and practices."

Dr. Becky G. Sumbera
California State University, San Bernardino

"The handbook offers a well-thought out and carefully structured program that can alter the world-view of participants and tilt them toward understanding what it means to become a truly inclusive society. It provides tools for specific skills training so that each person may develop competent interactions within their own social world. I am pleased to see this wonderful handbook entering into its fourth iteration, updated in ways that maintain and move the ever-essential mission of training culturally proficient individuals."

Dr. Michele Daniel, Jungian Analyst
Private Practice

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ISBN: 9781506390543
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