List of Figures
About the Authors
1. Zooming in on the Standards
The Forgotten Part of the Triangle
Breaking Down Standards Into Manageable Parts
What Will Students Need to Know About the Standard?
What Will Students Need to Be Able to Do With the Knowledge?
At What Level Will Students Be Expected to Achieve?
2. Identifying the Types of Knowledge
Using Benchmarks to Identify Tested Content
Unpacking the Standards and Benchmarks
Declarative Knowledge Strategy: Teaching Vocabulary
Procedural Knowledge Benchmarks
Procedural Knowledge Strategy: Heuristics
3. Teaching and Assessing Declarative Knowledge Standards
The Process of Teaching Declarative Knowledge
Activating Prior Knowledge
Storing Declarative Information
Diverse Learners and Vocabulary
Building Background Knowledge for Culturally Diverse Students
Providing Visual Representations and Kinesthetic Opportunities
Finding and Using Research on Best Practices
Formative and Summative Classroom Assessments of Declarative Knoweldge
4. Teaching and Assessing Procedural Knowledge Standards
Identifying Procedural Knowledge, Standards, and Benchmarks
Teaching Procedural Knoweldge, Standards, and Benchmarks
Constructing Mental Models
How Do We Assess Procedural Knowledge in the Classroom?
5. Mapping Lessons to Standards