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Understanding Assessment in the Special Education Process

Understanding Assessment in the Special Education Process
A Step-by-Step Guide for Educators

Edited by:

November 2007 | 136 pages | Corwin

"Short and to the point—a huge advantage! Easy to read and understand, and a great reference. This book is a must-have for every school building in every district!"
—Rachel Aherns, Collaborative Resource Teacher
Summit Middle School, Johnston, IA

Build your knowledge of how the assessment process works!

This compact handbook provides general and special education teachers with clear information about the types of assessments that help determine student eligibility for special education services. Written by legal and special education experts, this guide defines disability categories and explains applicable federal regulations as they relate to the assessment process in special education. The authors outline a multidisciplinary approach for comprehensive evaluations based on observation, interviews, and testing. This indispensable resource clarifies the teacher's role in the referral process and also covers:

  • The components of a professional evaluation report
  • Student behavior during assessment
  • Making presentations to an Individualized Education Program committee

An ideal step-by-step reference for instructors who have not had specific training in assessing students with special needs, Understanding Assessment in the Special Education Process helps educators make the most effective use of available assessment options.

About the Authors
Step I. Understanding Assessment and Special Education Assessment
Importance of Assessment  
Purpose of Assessment  
The Difference Between Testing and Assessment  
Role of the Education Professional in the Special Education Process  
Assessment and Federal Law  
Step II. Understanding and Identifying Students Who Might Exhibit a Disability
Understand the Meaning of a "High Risk" Student  
High Risk Students: Determine the Severity of the Problem  
Understand How Tension Affects High Risk Students  
Become Familiar With Common Avoidance Behavior Patterns Exhibited By High Risk Students  
Step III. Understanding and Making a Referral to the Child Study Team
Understand Your Role in the Referral Process  
Learn About the Membership of the CST  
Understand What Takes Place at the CST Meeting  
Learn About the Various Sources of Information Available on Your Student  
Understand the Options of the CST  
Step IV. Understanding and Obtaining Parental Informed Consent for Assessment
Step V. Understanding the Requirements of an Evaluation for a Suspected Disability
Step VI. Understanding the MDT and the Comprehensive Assessment
Understand the Responsibilities of the Team Assigned to Do the Comprehensive Assessment: The Multidisciplinary Team  
Understand the Membership of the MDT  
Step VII. Understanding the Various Methods of Assessment Options Available to the MDT
What Is a Comprehensive Assessment?  
What Is Norm-Referenced Testing?  
Primary Areas of Assessment  
Step VIII. Understanding Basic Statistics and Scoring Terminology Used in Assessment
Age Equivalent  
Alternate Forms Reliability  
Concurrent Validity  
Construct Validity  
Content Validity  
Criterion-Related Validity  
Grade Equivalent  
Interrater Reliability  
Percentile Rank  
Predictive Validity  
Raw Scores  
Reliability Coefficients  
Scaled Scores  
Split-Half Reliability or Internal Consistency  
Standard Deviation  
Standard Error of Measurement  
Standard Scores  
Test-Retest Reliability  
T Scores  
z Scores  
Step IX. Understanding Students' Behavior During the Assessment Process
Understand the Possible Effects of Examiner Variables  
Understand How to Observe Overt Signs of Tension  
Understand Behaviors That Are Observed . . .  
Understand Behaviors That Provide Insight Into the Student's Organizational Abilities During the Assessment Process  
Step X. Understanding the Components of a Professional Evaluation Report
Practical Guidelines for Writing a Professional Evaluation Report  
Understand the Components of the Report  
Step XI. Understanding What Is Required for a Presentation to the IEP Committee
Concluding Thoughts  
References and Suggested Readings

"Short and to the point—a huge advantage! Easy to read and to understand. A must-have for every school building in every district."

Rachel Aherns, Collaborative Resource Teacher
Summit Middle School, Johnston, IA

"This book clearly does just what it promises, providing a step-by-step guide about the special education assessment process."

Renee J. Ponce-Nealon, Third-Grade Teacher
Tolenas Elementary School, Petaluma, CA

"From understanding basic statistics to understanding the foundations of the MDT, this is a powerful tool that educators need."

California Bookwatch, January 2008
Midwest Book Review

Book was too short and was not as detailed as other textbooks like McLoughlin & Lewis textbook

Dr Joseph Boyle
Graduate School Of Education, Rutgers The State University of New Jersey
October 28, 2011

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ISBN: 9781412917919
ISBN: 9781412954242

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