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Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities
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Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities
A Step-by-Step Guide for Educators



June 2008 | 192 pages | Corwin
"Provides the reader with a very clear understanding of the student with learning disabilities. This book addresses in detail all the possible processing weaknesses and provides strategies to help a student access the general education curriculum. It's something you can pick up, locate valuable information in, and refer to time and again."

—Esther M. Eacho, Special Education Teacher

Fairfax County Public Schools, VA

Discover how to effectively meet the needs of students with learning disabilities!

Learning disabilities (LD) vary with each student, and teaching strategies for learners with LD must be responsive to individual differences. Written in an easy-to-read format by experts in special education, this step-by-step guide presents a comprehensive look at learning disabilities, such as cognitive or memory deficits, social-emotional problems, and dyslexia, and discusses appropriate academic instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom accommodations for learners with LD.

Aligned with the reauthorization of IDEA 2004, this resource also covers communicating with parents, the school's responsibilities in the special education process, and legal issues for educators and parents. General and special education teachers will find numerous reproducible forms, a complete glossary of terms, and information on topics such as:

- Promoting positive social interactions

IEP development and educational placement options

- Postsecondary education options, vocational assessments, and other transition services

- The role of Response to Intervention (RTI)

Teaching Students With Learning Disabilities provides an invaluable set of tools to help teachers create a positive learning environment and foster a sense of belonging for all learners.


 
Dedications
 
About the Authors
 
Preface
 
1. Overview of Learning Disabilities
IDEA Definition of a Specific Learning Disability

 
Overview of Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Key Facts About Learning Disabilities

 
Causes of a Specific Learning Disability

 
Age of Onset for Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Gender Features for Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Cultural Features for Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Familial Patterns for Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Co-morbidity for Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Discrepancy in Diagnosing a Learning Disability

 
The Exclusionary Clause

 
Characteristics of Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Educational Implications of Specific Learning Disabilities

 
 
2. Characteristics of Children With Learning Disabilities
Overview

 
Academic Achievement Deficits

 
Language Deficits

 
Disorders of Attention

 
Achievement Discrepancy

 
Memory Deficits

 
Cognitive Deficits

 
Metacognition Deficits

 
Social-Emotional Problems

 
Nonverbal Learning Disorders (NLD)

 
Motivational and Attribution Problems

 
Perceptual Deficits

 
 
3. Types of Learning Disabilities
Auditory Processing Disorders

 
Dyscalculia (Arithmetic Disorder)

 
Dysgraphia (Writing Disorders)

 
Dyslexia (Reading Disorders)

 
Dysorthographia (Spelling Disorders)

 
Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (Nonverbal Learning Disorders or NLD)

 
Organizational Learning Disorders

 
Social Cue Disorder

 
Visual Processing Disorders

 
 
4. Eligibility Criteria for Learning Disabilities
Step I. Becoming Familiar With the Characteristics of Students With Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Step II. Determining the Procedures and Assessment Measures To Be Used

 
Step III. Determination of Eligibility for a Diagnosis of a Specific Learning Disability

 
 
5. Responsiveness to Intervention (RTI)
Overview of Responsiveness to Intervention (RTI)

 
Purpose of RTI

 
Importance of RTI

 
Is RTI a New Approach?

 
Core Principles of RTI

 
Rationale for Replacing the Discrepancy Model With RTI

 
Major Issues Related to the Use of the Concept of Achievement-Ability Discrepancy

 
Why RTI Was Considered in the Process of SLD Determination

 
The Role RTI Should Play in the Identification of Children With Specific Learning Disabilities

 
Can RTI Be Used as the Sole Determinant for SLD Classification?

 
In the Big Picture, How Does RTI Fit Into the Determination of LD Process?

 
Continuum of Intervention Support for At-Risk Students

 
Parent Involvement, An Important Component for Successful RTI Programs

 
Fidelity

 
The RTI Process for Teachers

 
What Teachers Need in Terms of Professional Development and RTI

 
 
6. Effective Teaching Strategies for Students With LD
Academic Instruction

 
Behavioral Interventions

 
Classroom Accommodations

 
 
7. Promoting Positive Social Interactions Among Students With and Without Learning Disabilities in an Inclusion Setting
Introduction

 
Review of Inclusion

 
Principles of Effective Inclusion

 
Why Are Social Skills Important?

 
Social-Cognitive Skill Development

 
The Role of Social Skills at School

 
Strategies to Foster a Sense of Belonging in the Inclusion Classroom

 
Creating a Positive Inclusion Classroom Climate

 
Teaching Social Skills Through Role-Playing and Observation

 
The Inclusion Classroom Teacher's Power to Model Acceptance

 
Promoting Positive Social Interactions Among Students With and Without Learning Disabilities in an Inclusion Setting

 
 
8. IEP Development and Educational Placement Options for Students With Learning Disabilities
Overview of the IEP Committee

 
Members of the IEP Committee

 
Responsibilities of the IEP Committee

 
IDEA 2004 and IEP Committee Meeting: What to Know

 
Development of the Information Packet for Presentation to the IEP Committee

 
Required Forms

 
How Recommendations for Classification Are Made by the IEP Committee

 
Specific Educational Placement (LRE) Considerations According to IDEA 2004

 
Appealing the Decision of the IEP Committee

 
Other Roles of the IEP Committee

 
IEP Development

 
Components to Be Included in the IEP

 
Questions and Answers About the IEP Under IDEA 2004

 
 
9. Transition Services for Students With Learning Disabilities
The Transitional Process

 
The Intent of Transition Services

 
The Importance of Transition Services for Individuals With Learning Disabilities

 
The Introduction of Transition Services

 
The Individualized Transition Plan (ITP)

 
Transition Services

 
Special Considerations for Students With Learning Disabilities

 
Employment Services

 
Vocational Assessments

 
Leisure/Recreational Experiences

 
Advantages of Special Leisure Programs

 
Individual Concerns When Faced With Leisure Activities

 
Postsecondary Education Options

 
When to Begin College Planning

 
Understanding Legal Rights Pertaining to Postsecondary Education

 
Identifying the Desirable Characteristics of a College

 
Disability-Related Support Services

 
Assistive Technology

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"Provides the reader with a very clear understanding of the student with learning disabilities. This book addresses in detail all the possible processing weaknesses and provides strategies to help a student access the general education curriculum. It’s something you can pick up, locate valuable information in, and refer to time and again."

Esther M. Eacho, Special Education Teacher
Fairfax County Public Schools, VA

"This book provides numerous effective strategies that will help teachers meet a variety of student needs."

Alyssa M. Carter, Administrator of Federal Programs
Kuna Jt. School District No. 3, ID

"A tool for the practitioner looking for reasons and interventions. This should be on every principal's book shelf. Even parents could really benefit from reading about the journey they will be taking with their child."

Janette Bowen, Sixth-Grade Special Education Teacher
Junction City Middle School, KS
Key features
  • Developmental, step-by-step approach takes the reader through a variety of topics and procedures necessary for a realistic awareness of issues faced by teachers in working with parents of children with special needs
  • Written in an easy-to-read format, the book contains a wealth of tried-and-true suggestions drawing on the author's extensive experiences
  • The material is presented in such a way that it allows teachers to utilize its content to help provide parents with the most appropriate information and skills available during the special education process
  • The focus is on more practical and commonly required issues, avoiding any material that may be obscure and meaningless
  • Useful information can be immediately applied to the variety of experiences faced by those who work and live with children with disabilities
  • Contains an in-depth explanation of the school's responsibilities in the special education process
  • Legal concerns that need to be shared with parents and that all special educators need to know are addressed during and carefully discussed
  • Step-by-step explanations of the responsibilities and requirements involved in the IEP are spelled out so that teachers can explain this important piece to parents
  • Numerous reproducible forms

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